Anxiety disorder

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Anxiety disorder is a neurotic condition in which people are constantly worried about any circumstances in their life: their appearance or relationships with other people. This also includes the fear of confined space or non-hazardous things. Internal discomfort and painful thoughts force the patient to withdraw into himself, limit his social circle and interfere with a full life.

Anxiety disorders include:

  • generalized anxiety disorder, when anxiety suddenly seizes a person, while his experiences are so strong that they do not allow even simple daily activities to be performed;
  • social anxiety disorder, when fear prevents a person from being around other people – it interferes with school, work, and even the usual trip to the store;
  • panic attacks, when people experience sudden attacks of unreasonable fear. The condition may be accompanied by increased blood pressure, tachycardia, shortness of breath, sweating, a feeling of a lump in the throat, tremors of the hands and fingers, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fever, and even cramps in the arms and legs. The attacks last 15 to 30 minutes, and their frequency ranges from once a day to once a month. Since attacks start suddenly, the person is afraid to leave the house;
  • phobias, when a person is afraid of completely ordinary things, for example, cats, water, dolls, or clowns;
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), when patients are obsessed with an obsession, thought, or sensation that causes them to perform repetitive actions, such as washing their hands frequently for fear of germs.
  • post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), when a person constantly recalls a previously experienced terrible situation, such as a war or natural disaster.

Anxiety disorder often occurs in conjunction with problems such as bipolar disorder or depression. And although it is not accepted in our society to go to a doctor with such problems, it will not be possible to cope with the problem on your own.

Causes of Anxiety Disorder
The exact origin of this condition is still unknown. Experts suggest that anxiety disorders can provoke:

  • chronic heart or hormonal pathologies or persistent circulatory disorders;
  • taking or abrupt withdrawal of psychotropic substances, chronic alcoholism, drugs, or even an overdose of caffeine;
  • head injuries and their consequences;
  • lingering stress;
  • melancholic disposition or a tendency to exaggerate;
  • mental trauma in early childhood or in adults in extreme situations (war, being on the verge of life and death, leaving loved ones, or depriving them of support);
  • neurotic conditions (neurasthenia, depression, hysteria) or mental illness (schizophrenia, paranoia, mania).

Symptoms of anxiety disorder
A constant and uncontrollable feeling of anxiety that lasts more than 6 months in the absence of objective reasons. At the same time, it can be so strong that it changes a person’s usual life. The patient may not go out on the street, quit his job, avoid communicating with family or friends. Sometimes anxiety leaves a person for several hours or days, but the slightest impulse is enough to make it come back again.

Physiologically, an anxiety disorder may be hinted at by:

  • constant fatigue;
  • insomnia;
  • constant fear;
  • inability to concentrate or relax;
  • trembling hands;
  • irritability;
  • dizziness;
  • frequent heartbeat, in the absence of cardiac pathologies;
  • excessive sweating;
  • pain in the head, abdomen, muscles in the absence of pathologies.

Anxiety Disorder Treatment
Since the disease is based on the improper work of neurotransmitters, medications are used to restore their normal balance. At the same time, experts categorically do not recommend treating anxiety disorders on their own, since patients do not know the specifics of the action of drugs, their interaction with each other, as well as the methods and techniques of psychotherapy.

Diagnostics
Today there is no exact test or analysis for determining anxiety disorder because the degree of a person’s anxiety is difficult to measure or touch. Since patients’ complaints may be similar to other diseases, experts recommend that such patients be diagnosed and managed by a neurologist, psychiatrist, and therapist.

The diagnosis of anxiety disorder is made after collecting information about the patient’s emotional responses, lifestyle, motivation, and interests. Specialized questionnaires such as the Spielberger-Hanin Situational and Personal Anxiety Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale can be used.

It is important to distinguish between anxiety disorder and conditions such as:

Stress. This condition is a consequence of a reaction to a stimulus, for example, to a call from a disgruntled client. As the situation changes, stress also disappears. Anxiety, on the other hand, can arise when the annoying situation is not present. For example, a regular customer calls, but it’s still scary to answer the call. If a person experiences such a reaction to any phone call, then it is already a disorder that interferes with life.
Organic anxiety. This is a condition that occurs against the background of cardiovascular and endocrine diseases, as well as with organic pathologies of the central nervous system, including after previous head injuries or diseases such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. Patients with this type of disorder complain of unreasonable fear, helplessness in front of the future, low self-esteem, insecurity, and a decrease in concentration.

Modern methods of treatment
They consist of a combination of psychotherapy sessions that will help determine the exact cause of the anxiety disorder and medications. Typically, various types of antidepressants, tranquilizers, atypical antipsychotics, and non-specific anti-anxiety drugs are used. The duration of the course depends on the effectiveness of the chosen tactics.

Is Anxiety Disorder Treatable?
Anxiety disorder, unlike many other mental illnesses, responds well to therapy, especially medication.

Do I have to take medications?
To improve the quality of both their life and the lives of their loved ones, patients with anxiety disorder must definitely take drugs. In the treatment of the disease, non-drug treatment is also successfully used, but in combination with compulsory drug therapy.

Will medication addiction appear?
With competent and adequately prescribed by the attending physician, drug therapy or its correction, dependence on the intake of drugs does not arise.

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6 thoughts on “Anxiety disorder”

  1. With your knowledge of nutrition, I would also add a daily food regimen that might inhibit anxiety disorder. Caffeine , sugar… would notably be mentioned.

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