What is the name of the fear of blood?
Fear or pathological fear of blood in the scientific community is called hemophobia. At the sight of one’s own or someone else’s blood, even at the thought of it, attacks of strong anxiety, panic attacks, which are almost impossible to predict, occur.
This phobia can significantly limit a person both in choosing a profession and in their usual life when receiving medical care.
Causes of fear of blood in adults
It is believed that hemophobia is one of the most common types of fear, although people rarely see a doctor for this problem. The main reasons are called psychological disorders. The previously existing genetic theory of this phobia was recognized as untenable by studying identical twins. It has been determined that the key provocateurs are environmental factors, society, various traumatic situations, but not heredity.
The disorder options can be as follows:
- fear of someone else’s blood;
- reactions to your own blood;
- fear of the blood of animals, fish, birds;
- the kind of blood as such in any creature.
One of the reasons is considered various injuries that can be dangerous to health and life, fear of a repetition of such an episode, the firmly entrenched attitude “blood – fear – panic”. Therefore, any options for manipulating blood can cause panic attacks. Problems from childhood are possible if the mother is scolded for cuts or wounds.
A phobia of blood can be spurred on by various media, films that demonstrate scenes of violence, bloody wars, and catastrophes.
Symptoms of fear of blood in adults
Hemophobia can manifest itself as uncontrollable, panic and irrational fear, panic attacks at the sight of blood, or certain manipulations. Typical for her:
- loss of consciousness due to the type of blood (one’s own or someone else’s);
- sharp pallor;
- trembling limbs and body;
- labored breathing;
- heart palpitations, pressure surges;
- dilated pupils, a feeling of horror on the face;
- nausea, lightheadedness, dizziness.
Because of such reactions, the hemophobe avoids any procedures in every possible way, fears the slightest injury, refuses routine medical tests and procedures. From the very thought of taking blood or possible bleeding, a cut with blood, the hemophobe may feel chills or choking, discomfort in the chest, dizziness, weakness in the legs. His thoughts are clouded, legs and arms go numb.
How to get rid of the fear of blood in adults?
Although many do not consider hemophobia to be a serious disorder, they do not go to a doctor, it can seriously worsen a person’s life. Refusal to receive medical care due to fear of blood can lead to serious problems.
It is possible to determine hemophobia by its manifestations by analyzing the existing complaints and feelings of a person at the sight of blood. It is important to additionally conduct a psychiatric examination and assess the general state of health in order to exclude more severe mental and neurological problems, as well as somatic diseases.
Modern methods of treatment
This phobia is rarely severe; it usually leads to fainting and anxiety, strong emotional reactions. Therefore, the psychotherapist seeks to form a person’s resistance to the type of blood and tolerance for manipulation.
If you need to bring the hemophobe to life, for example, when taking blood, it is useful to tilt his head to the knees, increasing the pressure and improving well-being.
There are special exercises that can help you overcome anxiety.
If hemophobia leads to severe fears, due to which the patient does not leave the house, refuses to use the devices, then the help of professionals is needed.
Prevention of fear of blood in adults at home
The basis of prevention is the formation of a calm attitude in the child towards the collection of cuttings and the treatment of wounds. An example would be parents, older siblings, or other children. It is important not to intimidate the child, but to explain what awaits him, where the blood comes from and that it is not dangerous.
Can the fear of blood be passed on from parents? Where does it come from at all?
Hemophobia, or fear of blood, is one of the most common, “popular” phobias. The reasons may vary. And they may not always be exactly known at all. Yes, it can also be a hereditary predisposition, if the child constantly in childhood sees the reaction of one of the parents to the sight of blood or manipulation where there is blood. There may be an increased sensitivity to certain external events, negative experience of medical manipulations (painful operations, especially in childhood).
Blood is not a pleasant sight, but homophobia manifests itself in an acute attack of fear (similar to panic attacks) at the sight of blood, or when trying to take blood even for a simple test. Sometimes it’s bad even when thinking about it. Often everything ends in a banal fainting spell.
Are complications of this phobia possible, does it affect the ability to work, does it threaten disability, death?
Such a phobia will not lead to disability, but it will reduce the quality of life, like any phobia. Severe cases of such a disorder are rare, usually at the level of fear of taking tests.
But sometimes the patient, even when he is seriously ill, refuses to undergo tests, treatment, or surgery because of a phobia, stalling for time, which is also dangerous in its own way.
Is it possible to cure hemophobia yourself or use unconventional methods?
No dietary supplements, leeches, or acupuncture will help in treatment. In treatment, it is important to minimize the level of negative feelings as much as possible. In severe cases, only a psychologist and psychotherapist can help.