South America is considered the birthplace of peanuts. Confirmation of this is the vase found in Peru, which was created in a period when America was not yet conquered by Columbus. The vase resembles peanuts by force, it is also decorated with images in the form of this culture.
The Spaniards brought peanuts to Europe. They ate it during their long sea voyages. In Africa, peanuts were used to fertilize the land because it enriches poor soil with nitrogen. The ancient Chinese used peanuts to fight the year.
In the 18th century, botanists proved that it is possible to feed pigs with “nuts”; therefore, peanuts are often called “ground peas”. For a long time, this culture was considered food for the poor.
In the early 20th century, Americans invented over a hundred peanut-infused products and foods, ranging from drinks and food to cosmetics, medicines, and printing ink. All discoveries belong to one farmer – agrochemist George Washington Carver.
The benefits of peanuts
Peanuts contain a whole range of vitamins – A, group B, D, E, PP. It is rich in unique amino acids and vegetable fats. For example, polyunsaturated linoleic and folic acids, biotin, and other organic substances. Peanuts do not contain cholesterol.
Peanuts normalize blood sugar levels. For people with diabetes, these nuts are beneficial in small amounts. Peanuts contain magnesium, which has a positive effect on the heart, blood pressure, and metabolism.
Walnut strengthens the immune system, fights against weakness and stress (depressed mood), infections and viruses. Vitamin B3 (niacin) is responsible for the normal functioning of the brain, improves memory, helps to concentrate, and maintains alertness.
Calories per 100 g 567 kcal
Fat 49 grams
Carbohydrates 16 g
Proteins 26 g
Raw (unroasted) peanuts can disrupt the esophagus. Also, we must not forget that there may be individual intolerance to this product. It is also not recommended to eat peanuts for people suffering from gout, arthrosis, arthritis, and other joint diseases.
The use of peanuts in medicine
Peanuts improve digestion, introduce toxins and harmful substances from the body. For women, peanuts are useful for restoring hormonal balance. During pregnancy, it reduces the risk of developing congenital abnormalities.
Peanuts are beneficial because they contain choline, which the body needs to build all cells. There is also vitamin E, which is a natural antioxidant. It affects the cardiovascular system. It is a beauty vitamin. Peanuts are very useful in the heat, as they protect cells from hypoxia. There is also vitamin PP, which improves metabolic processes in the body. Peanuts are rich in B vitamins, selenium (good for the heart), phosphorus (improves intellectual activity), potassium, silicon. The only thing is that peanuts are a high-calorie product. Therefore, it is not recommended for people who are struggling with excess weight.
The use of peanuts in cooking
Roasted peanuts taste sweet and spicy. A raw nut is more piquant, reminiscent of the taste of beans. Peanuts are fried, salted, sugar-coated, used raw. It is used to make oils, sweets, and confectionery. Add to salads, sauces, vegetable dishes.
How to choose and store peanuts?
When choosing peanuts, pay attention to their appearance. A quality product has a creamy brown color, no dark spots or mildew. Taste it if possible. Peanuts should not be bitter or taste bitter.
Never buy chopped peanuts. This is most likely an expired product. And the unscrupulous manufacturer decided to sell it, mixing it with a part of fresh peanuts.
Storage conditions. Keep peanuts in a dark, cool place, preferably in a tightly closed glass container. Expiration date – 1 year.