Fear of people

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If people passing by cause attacks of panic or intense fear, this is a serious phobic disorder. This fear leads to isolation from society. And here the help of a specialist is important.

What is the name of the fear of people?
The fear of people has its scientific name – anthropophobia. This is a serious condition in which the patient is afraid of literally every person. This concept should not be confused with a social phobia – fear of society, certain groups, or mass gatherings of people. An anthropophobe is afraid of a person as such.

Causes of fear of people in adults
So far, mental health professionals cannot answer the question of where this phobia comes from. All possible reasons are only theoretical, but psychiatrists agree on one thing – the problems lie deep in the subconscious, originating in childhood.

Various factors can become provocateurs of anthropophobia:

  • children’s grievances;
  • facts of violence against children;
  • strong fears;
  • emotional upheaval.

At an early age, the psyche is vulnerable, children after such events behave separately, with age the problem is aggravated, phobic manifestations appear. In adulthood, such people find it difficult to be surrounded by people, they are comfortable in complete loneliness, fears and indecision arise, which only aggravates the problems.

Although the foundations of phobias are formed in childhood, they do not always appear. Psychiatrists believe that a provoking factor is needed that will raise panic and fear from the depths of the subconscious. Provocateurs include:

  • severe acute stress;
  • chronic overwork;
  • depressive disorders;
  • powerful mental shocks (with the death of people, violence, murder).

Anthropophobia is more typical for residents of megalopolises, whose psyche is constantly tense due to the abundance of irritants. In conditions of noise, bustle, constant interaction with people, it is difficult to allocate your personal space.

Symptoms of fear of people in adults
The severity of symptoms is different for each person, depending on the severity of the provocateurs and individuality. There are a number of common manifestations that are typical of human fear. To one degree or another, they can be found in most people with this phobia:

  • fear that arises at the sight of any person with disgust for any touch, phrases or looks;
  • increased fear and panic when dealing with strangers, refusal of any communication;
  • rejection of certain types of appearance or behavior – fat, drunk, bald, with a beard, dark skin color, etc.

If the patient is forced to communicate with those people who cause his phobias, panic attacks may develop, which have characteristic signs:

  • a sharp increase in the frequency of heart contractions;
  • heavy sweating;
  • shortness of breath;
  • trembling hands;
  • a state of stupor;
  • diarrhea, abdominal pain;
  • dizziness attacks;
  • feeling short of breath;
  • speech disorders.

The patient feels that he is covered by an attack, can take measures to prevent it, calming himself. This often manifests itself in the form of compulsive behavior – self-stroking, snapping fingers, shifting from foot to foot, muttering under the breath.

Treatment of fear of people in adults
In a mild form of phobia, the patient can cope with panic attacks on his own through certain volitional efforts. But without adequate help, the condition is prone to progression. There are different forms of anthropophobia that need to be identified and the most effective treatment selected in conjunction with a doctor. This will help to interact normally with society.

Diagnostics
Not all people who avoid communication can be attributed to anthropophobes (these can be problems in life, depression). Diagnosis can only be made by a psychiatrist based on criteria and specific characteristics of the disease. The basis of diagnostics is an examination of a person and a detailed conversation with him. We also need conversations with relatives and friends of the patient in order to clarify the features of behavior, living conditions.

In the presence of panic attacks, instrumental studies are needed to determine the severity of the condition – ECG, MRI, or CT for the state of the vascular bed.

Modern methods of treatment
In such a situation, working with a psychiatrist can help – methods of psychotherapy. In addition, the work of the patient himself and his family on emotional relief, the consciousness of a calm stop is important. Breathing practices, relaxation techniques, physical therapy, and distraction techniques will help to prevent anxiety attacks. Herbal remedies for sedation can help – tablets of valerian, motherwort.

The doctor may prescribe nootropic drugs – Mexidol, Glycine, tranquilizers, antidepressants. Doses are selected strictly individually. Avoiding alcohol and psychostimulants, chocolate, spices is important.

Also appointed:

  • psychoanalysis;
  • psychotherapy;
  • cognitive behavioral therapy.

Prevention of fear of people in adults at home
The basis for the prevention of this phobia is the upbringing of a child in a normal social environment, the formation of a harmonious personality. It is important to show love for a child, especially a teenager, to show concern. It is equally important to maintain trusting and friendly relations with children, not to humiliate their dignity, to criticize only objectively, to the point, and not in a harsh manner. It is important to teach the child to cope with stress, communicate with peers.

For adults, the basis of prevention is protection from stress and emotional overload.

What exactly are anthropophobes afraid of and where does it come from?
Anthropophobia in modern medical classification belongs to the group of social phobias. Only in the case of anthropophobia is the fear not only of being in the company of a large number of people but even of one or several people.

This condition manifests itself, firstly, in a powerful autonomic reaction of the body – hand tremors, palpitations, difficulty breathing, nausea, and secondly, in avoiding social contacts.

The causes of anthropophobia are most often found in childhood or adolescence. These include the experience of physical or psychological abuse, strict upbringing with an abundance of criticism, comparisons, devaluation of the child, upbringing in families where one of the parents suffered from alcoholism.

Is it possible to get rid of a phobia, to which doctor to go with such a problem?
You can get rid of anthropophobia. Although many people who suffer from it believe that it is for life. To do this, first of all, you need to contact a psychotherapist. He will be able to diagnose and analyze the problem, suggest optimal strategies for help. Modern global standards of care for anthropophobia suggest psychotherapeutic techniques and (if necessary) drug support.
Psychotherapy involves identifying and tracking the causes and mechanisms of this problem, working with distortions of thinking, gradual contact with problem situations, teaching self-regulation and relaxation skills.

Medication support initially helps to reduce fear and anxiety.

Does this phobia affect the ability to work?
Anthropophobia can often cause social maladjustment, as a person is afraid and avoids various job interviews, teamwork, interaction with colleagues and management.

Is it possible to cure yourself or with the help of non-traditional methods (dietary supplements, herbs, acupuncture, hypnosis)?
Often they try to get rid of such fears with the help of a variety of unconventional methods; they succumb to aggressive advertising of dietary supplements, acupuncture, and osteopathy. It is important to understand that this can be fraught with a worsening of the condition. Therefore, in treatment, you should trust only professionals – doctors!

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