Prevention of SARS in children at home

Photo by Leo Rivas on Unsplash

Viral infections are seasonal diseases, with a peak in spring and autumn. But you need to prepare for the season of colds in advance.

Against the background of the epidemic of coronavirus infection, they no longer think about the usual SARS. But other viruses continue to attack people, and you also need to defend against them. Regardless of the type of virus, it is immunity that opposes it. The disease is easier to prevent than to cure the consequences.

SARS is the most common human infection: children under 5 years old suffer about 6-8 episodes of the disease per year, in preschool institutions, the incidence is especially high in the first and second year of attendance.
Most often, SARS develops in children with reduced immunity, weakened by other diseases. Poor nutrition, disturbed sleep, lack of sun also negatively affect the body.

Since viruses spread mainly through the air and through objects, children quickly become infected from each other in a group. Therefore, from time to time part of the group or class sit at home and gets sick, only the strongest children remain, whose immune systems have withstood the blow. The release of viruses to patients is maximum on the third day after infection, but the child remains slightly infectious for up to two weeks.

The infection remains active for several hours on various surfaces and toys. Often there is a secondary infection: only a child who has recovered gets sick again after a week with the same thing. To prevent this from happening, parents need to learn a few rules and explain them to their children.

Memo to parents on the prevention of SARS in children
Parents can provide their children with good nutrition, hardening, sports development. But they will not be able to track every step of the child in the team: on the playground, in the kindergarten. It is important to explain to the child what SARS is and why it is impossible, for example, to sneeze in the face of a neighbor.

We have collected all the tips for the prevention of SARS in children in a memo for parents. This will help reduce the number of sick children and protect your child.

Full rest
Even an adult’s body is undermined by constant activity. If after school the child goes to the circles, then he studies and goes to bed late, his body will not have time to recover. From this, sleep is disturbed and immunity is reduced.

The child needs to leave time for rest, a quiet walk, reading books, a full sleep for at least 8 hours.

Sports activities
In addition to rest, the child must exercise. This not only helps the skeleton and muscles to develop properly but also makes the body more resilient.

Choose the load depending on the age and preferences of the child. Swimming will suit some, while others will love team games and wrestling. For starters, you can try doing exercises every morning. So that the child does not resist, set an example for him, show that exercise is not a boring duty, but a rewarding pastime.

Hardening
It is very difficult to figure out how to dress a child, especially if the weather is changeable. Freezing reduces immunity, but constant overheating and “greenhouse” conditions do not allow the body to get used to real weather and temperature.

All children have different sensitivity to heat, pay attention to the baby’s behavior. If he tries to rip off his clothes, even if you’re sure you’ve calculated everything correctly, the child may be too hot.

Hardening can be started even in infancy. At room temperature in a draft-free room, leave children without clothes for a short time, pour water over the legs, cooling it down to 20 ° C. Then put on warm socks. Older children can take a contrast shower, walk barefoot in warm weather.

Hygiene rules
As trite as this advice may sound, washing hands with soap really solves the problem of many diseases. For the prevention of ARVI in children, you need to wash your hands after the street, bathroom, before eating.

If a child or one of the family members is already sick, separate dishes and towels should be allocated for him so as not to transmit the virus to everyone.

Airing and cleaning
Viruses are not very persistent in the environment, but they pose a danger for several hours. Therefore, the rooms need to be regularly wet cleaned, and ventilated. You can use disinfectants by adding them to the wash water. However, it is not recommended to strive for complete sterility, it only harms the immune system.

Rules of behavior
Children en masse infect each other often from ignorance. They sneeze and cough at each other, not trying to cover their face with their hand. Explain why this rule should be followed – it is not only impolite but also dangerous for other people. If someone is already sick and sneezing, it is best not to get too close to them so as not to get infected.

Give your child a pack of disposable handkerchiefs so they can change them often. Also, do not constantly touch your face with your hands.

Leave the baby at home
If the child is sick, it is worth leaving him at home, even if the symptoms are still mild. Perhaps he has strong immunity and can easily carry the virus. But, having come to the team, it will infect weaker children who will “sleep” for a couple of weeks.

If a seasonal SARS epidemic has begun in a kindergarten or school, then if possible, you also need to stay at home. So the risk of infection is lower, and the epidemic will end faster.

Doctor’s advice on the prevention of SARS in children
The most important thing is to prevent the spread of the infection. No matter how hardened the child is, if everyone around him gets sick, sooner or later his immunity will also fail.

Therefore, at the first sign of SARS, isolate the child at home, do not bring him to the team. Call your doctor to rule out more serious illnesses and avoid complications. A simple SARS can also lead to lung damage if it is not properly treated.

Popular questions and answers
Parents are often interested in how to temper the child correctly when to start doing it, so as not to harm the baby.

At what age can SARS prevention start?
You can start with a few days of a child’s life – hardening, airing, but in children, a typical viral infection usually occurs for the first time not earlier than 1 year of age. The main prevention is the observance of sanitary and epidemiological measures, the concept of a “healthy lifestyle“. This helps the child to cope with the infection faster and to transfer it more easily, but in no way prevents the disease. There is no specific prevention of SARS.

What if the very prevention of SARS (hardening, pouring, etc.) constantly leads to colds?
Look for the cause of the disease – a child can be a carrier of viral agents in a latent “sleeping” form. If there are more than six episodes of acute respiratory viral infections per year, then it makes sense to contact a pediatrician in order to undergo an examination within the framework of the CHR (often an ill child). The examination includes an examination by a pediatrician, ENT doctor, immunologist, various types of diagnostics.

To prevent SARS during the cold season in kindergartens and schools, is it better to sit out the epidemic at home?
A healthy child without signs of illness should attend a children’s educational institution, to prevent violations and discipline of education, as well as social separation from peers. But, if the number of cases is large, it is advisable not to go to kindergarten or school (usually teachers warn about this). A sick child should stay at home and be monitored by a pediatrician at home. Also, the child is discharged and begins to attend a children’s educational institution after being examined by a doctor and issuing a certificate of admission to classes.

Preventive measures that prevent the spread of viruses are of paramount importance: thorough hand washing, isolation of sick children, adherence to the ventilation regime.

The prevention of most viral infections remains today nonspecific since there are no vaccines against all respiratory viruses yet. It is impossible to get 100% immunity from a viral infection since the virus has the ability to mutate and change.

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