Carrots are an amazing product that has a huge number of beneficial properties. Moreover, not only a delicious vegetable suitable for various dishes but also a useful plant that helps to cope with various ailments. The benefits of carrots are not only about improving vision – they are much more extensive than you might imagine.
The carrots we all love and know weren’t always like this. The homeland of carrots is Afghanistan and Iran. In those days, it was purple in color and did not have such a pronounced taste.
It is known that the existence of carrots was discovered more than 4000 years ago. An interesting fact is that earlier carrot were grown not for the sake of root crops, but for the sake of juicy tops and seeds. The first mentions of the use of carrots for food and as a medicine date back to the 1st century AD.
In Europe, carrots appeared only in the 9-13th century. Then it became widespread in China, Japan, and India. Then she came to America in 1607.
And in the 17th century, carrots appeared in our usual form. This was the result of selection, obtained through the long scientific work of hardworking Dutch breeders.
The benefits of carrots
The composition of carrots contains the following components:
- Carotene – entering the body, is transformed into vitamin A, supports the normal functioning of epithelial cells, normalizes reproductive functions and vision.
- The red color of carrots depends on the presence of beta-carotene in them: the more it is, the brighter and healthier the carrots are. Beta-carotene is a precursor of vitamin A with powerful antioxidant, adaptogenic and immunostimulating properties.
- Biotin is one of the most important vitamins for growth, incl. to ensure cell growth and renewal. Participates in vital processes in the body: the metabolism of amino acids and proteins.
- Pantothenic and folic acids – have antianemic and antidermatitis properties.
- Vitamins of group C, B1, B2, B3, E, K, and PP – are involved in the regulation of many processes in the body.
- Phytoncides are natural antibiotics that inhibit the growth and development of pathogenic bacteria.
- Essential oils – have antioxidant and antitumor activity.
- Minerals: potassium, magnesium, zinc, calcium, and iodine are vital components for the normal functioning of the body. They are not synthesized by the body itself and come only with food.
We should also mention that carrots contain flavonoids. One of the important flavonoids isolated from carrots, daucarin, is prescribed for chronic coronary insufficiency, atherosclerosis, and angina pectoris.
Only plants can produce these substances, they do not accumulate in the body, so they must be consumed with food on a daily basis.
In addition, carrots are not high in calories – only 35 kilocalories per 100 grams. That is why carrots are often included in various diets, but experts still recommend not to overdo the dosage.
Benefits for vision
Carrots have a positive effect on various human organs. But its effect on vision is especially known. In particular, this is possible due to the content of vitamin A and carotene in the vegetable. Due to the lack of these substances, a person can develop night blindness and other diseases associated with the eyes. Therefore, if a person sees poorly in the dark, more carrots should be included in the diet. So you can forget about vision problems.
Benefits for diabetics
Carrots are an indispensable aid for people suffering from diabetes. Patients with this diagnosis are advised to eat boiled carrots, as they contain 34 percent more antioxidants.
Benefits for the heart and blood vessels
Raw carrots have an excellent property – they can lower blood cholesterol levels. This will be beneficial for the heart and blood vessels. Also, consuming this vegetable regularly can significantly reduce the likelihood of a stroke – by 70 percent. The thing is that it stimulates blood circulation in the brain well. The benefit of carrots for blood vessels is that they contain potassium. Also, the root vegetable reduces pressure in hypertensive patients, therefore it is advised to consume it with high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, varicose veins, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases.
Benefits for Cancer Patients
Carrots are cancer prevention agents. According to scientists, from 1.8 to 2.8 milliliters of beta-carotene can reduce the likelihood of cancer by 40 percent. Medium-sized carrots contain about 3 milliliters of this substance.
But the root vegetable can be consumed not only as a preventive measure but also to improve the condition of cancer patients. By eating carrots, the growth of cancer cells is significantly reduced. In addition, carrots are rich in antioxidants that bind free radicals, which can cause cancer, hypertension, and Parkinson’s disease. Some scientists are convinced that carrots help prolong human life by an average of seven years.
Benefits for digestion
Carrots perfectly control carbohydrate metabolism and normalize digestion in general. In case of violation of carbohydrate metabolism with its entry into food, they settle in the form of cellulite. Carrots are good for constipation and hemorrhoids. And also it is an indispensable aid in the diet of obese people. Also, vegetables help to empty the intestines, perfectly removes toxins, toxins, and juices of heavy metals.
Benefits for the liver and kidneys
Carrots have the ability to renew kidney and liver cells by cleansing them. The vegetable has a choleretic and diuretic effect. It can remove sand from the bladder and kidneys, making it an excellent prophylactic against gallstone disease.
Benefits for beauty
Who, if not carrots will do a wonderful job with rejuvenation. It is she who is able to fight skin aging. Therefore, carrots are often used in cosmetology. A lot of homemade face masks can be created based on the root vegetable, which prevents the formation of wrinkles, even the deepest ones. In addition, such masks will give the skin elasticity and a fresh look.
Benefits for wounds
But the beneficial properties of carrots are not always manifested precisely when consumed inside. For example, in case of burns and purulent wounds, a compress of fresh carrot gruel helps. The fact is that this root crop has excellent wound healing properties. Carrot juice can be used to wash the wound.
Benefits for women
Pregnant and lactating women are advised to consume carrot juice, which improves the biological qualities of breast milk. Also, this vegetable helps in the normal synthesis of female sex hormones, which allows the fair sex to remain beautiful and young. And, of course, as mentioned above, on the basis of carrots, you can create many cosmetics that will help preserve the beauty, youth, and freshness of the face and body skin.
Benefits for men
Thanks to carrots, the potency of men increases, this has been proven by scientists many times. Therefore, pharmacists create medicines for the stronger sex who have problems in this area. Also, men can drink carrot juice, as it allows them to quickly recover after intense physical exertion.
Benefits for children
Children are also advised to eat more carrots, as they protect the young body from viruses and inflammation. Thanks to vitamin A, children grow faster and better. Their teeth and bones are getting better. That being said, the sweetness of the root vegetable makes it an ideal snack for children.
Another undoubted advantage of this vegetable is the fact that it can be stored for a very long time while retaining almost the entire set of its useful qualities.
Harm to carrots
When consuming any product, it is important to adhere to the recommended daily allowance. Excessive consumption of carrots can lead to an upset stomach and intestines, cause allergic reactions, and an overdose of necessary vitamins can cause a painful state of the body.
The use of carrots in medicine
All parts of this vegetable are very healthy, due to which there are many recipes for traditional medicine associated with it.
Because of their nutritional value and beneficial properties, carrots are most often eaten, which helps to easily get healing elements. But there are other ways as well.
For example, a medicinal powder is prepared from carrot seeds, which helps with kidney failure and stone formation. An unusual carrot tea is prepared to support the immune system. And for diseases of the respiratory tract, carrot fresh is used.
Carrots are no less popular in cosmetology because they are part of numerous nourishing masks for the face, body, and hair.
Features of the preparation, selection, and storage of carrots
Carrots are used in the preparation of first and second courses, side dishes, and desserts. It acts as a fragrant spice that sets off the taste of the rest of the ingredients.
When choosing a vegetable, you should adhere to some recommendations:
- A quality vegetable has a smooth surface and a bright shade;
- the root crop must be firm, without obvious damage;
- in a good product, the area between the tops and the fruit is characterized by a bright green color.
It is recommended to store fresh vegetables in the refrigerator or other cool places at temperatures from 0 to -5 degrees. In this form, it retains its freshness for several months.