Fragrant melon is a delicacy that is appreciated by both adults and children. But in addition to its excellent taste, the fruit has many health benefits.
Melon is a vegetable. It is the edible fruit of a herbaceous plant, which is characteristic of vegetables. It has a root system similar to that of a cucumber, as well as leaves similar in shape, color, and texture.
Melon composition and calorie content
The next interesting question is how many calories are in a melon. The calorie content of a melon per 100 grams is only 33 kcal. It contains 0.6 g of protein, 0.3 g of fat, and 7.4 g of carbohydrates. It contains the following minerals:
Also, the fruit contains a significant amount of dietary fiber, which is typical for fruits and vegetables.
What vitamins are in melon
The benefits of melon for the body are largely due to the presence of vitamins in it. Despite the fact that most of the weight of the fruit is water, it is rich in vitamins A, groups B, C, E, H, PP.
Melon health benefits
Now let’s look at what health benefits the product has:
- Ability to nourish, energize, uplift, and improve emotional well-being.
- Cleansing the skin, strengthening hair, walls of blood vessels, and nerve fibers – all this thanks to silicon.
- Improving bowel function and digestion in general due to a large amount of fiber.
- Normalization of energy processes in the body, which is provided by PP vitamins and folic acid.
- Improving the appearance of the skin, for which the B vitamins are responsible.
- The mild diuretic effect of melon juice.
- Strengthens the nervous system with B vitamins, potassium, and silicon.
- Beneficial effect on the heart, blood quality, provided by vitamins B1 and B2.
- Supports the immune system with vitamins A and C.
Separately, it is worth talking about the beneficial properties for male and female health.
How melon is useful for men
Men can use melon products to treat prostate problems. The fetus also contains zinc, which improves sperm quality.
Melon benefits for women
Folic acid in the composition eases the difficulties of pregnancy and menopause. Thanks to silicon, the condition of the skin improves: rashes and irritation disappear, wrinkles are smoothed. Good for the skin and A-antioxidants – they increase elasticity and prevent stretch marks.
Melon for weight loss
The fruit is suitable as a dietary component due to its low-calorie content. A diuretic effect will also be useful, relieving edema, as well as the ability to remove toxins.
Important! Despite the low-calorie content, the melon contains carbohydrates, the daily amount of which is important to monitor when losing weight.
The fruit is 90% water, so it saturates well without overloading the body with extra calories.
At what age can a melon be given to a child
In the summer season, parents may be concerned about the question of whether children can melon. Pediatricians do not recommend giving it to babies under one year old. This can harm the baby’s digestive system. For children who are one year old, the product will be useful: folic acid has a beneficial effect on the formation of blood cells, and vitamin A will improve vision and support growth processes.
Is it possible to melon during pregnancy?
This kind of vegetable is useful for the body of the expectant mother and child due to the following properties:
- An increase in hemoglobin, which is responsible for transporting oxygen and supplying it to the fetus.
- Improving intestinal motility, which helps to eliminate toxins and fight constipation.
- Removal of fluid from the body, thereby reducing swelling.
However, it is not recommended to consume the product in the 1st and 3rd trimester of pregnancy due to possible harm. Increased intestinal motility can cause an increase in the tone of the myometrium. Therefore, there is a possibility of a short-term miscarriage or premature birth in the 3rd trimester.
A nursing mother can eat a melon, subject to certain conditions:
- The first portion should be eaten in the morning and in small quantities to check the child’s reaction.
- The fruit should be eaten separately from other foods, as a separate meal.
- It is important not to overeat – even the most harmless food in large quantities can be harmful.
- It is advisable to eat the melon during its ripening season. The use of imported fruits must be abandoned, in return for receiving the benefits of candied melon fruits.
The body of each woman and child is individual, therefore, in any particular case, it is important to take into account the doctor’s recommendations.
Melon for diabetes
The fruits do not accumulate glucose, so it is safe for diabetics to use them. Nevertheless, the composition contains sucrose, the negative effect of which even vitamins cannot eliminate.
It turns out that melon should be eaten with other products, but there are not so many products that can be combined with it.
Therefore, before using it for diabetes mellitus, it is important to consult a doctor who will establish an acceptable norm for the patient.
Is melon harmful to people with pancreatitis?
With this disease, eating fruit is not allowed, and there are several reasons for this:
- The product increases the amount of gastric juice, which harms the pancreas.
- Fiber and sugars cause fermentation, which can lead to heavy stools, gas, and discomfort.
- Carbohydrates, of which the fetus mainly consists, load the endocrine structures of the pancreas.
In the remission stage, the product can be eaten in the form of jelly or mousse. If there is no negative effect, then small pieces of the fruit can be consumed fresh, but not earlier than a week after the exacerbation.
The benefits and harms of dried melon
Dried cantaloupe is no less useful than fresh melon: all valuable components are preserved in it. It is thanks to them that the product has useful properties:
- These dried fruits will have a beneficial effect on the condition of bones, hair, heart, and blood vessels.
- The product contains a large amount of dietary fiber, which cleanses the intestines from waste products.
- A special enzyme in the composition of dried fruits helps with stress, insomnia, restores strength.
However, due to the high amount of sugar, diabetics should be careful with dried fruit. Dried fruits, like fresh fruits, can lead to eating disorders due to poor compatibility with other foods.
The beneficial properties of melon juice
Melon juice is a healthy and nutritious drink that quenches thirst well and has a positive effect on the body:
- improves kidney function;
- cleanses the body of chemotherapy products;
- has a diuretic effect;
- relieves joint pain.
Juice is especially useful for the elderly. Its components prevent memory and concentration impairment and rejuvenate the body. Juice is prepared not only from the pulp of the fruit but also from its peel – this drink has an anti-stress effect thanks to essential oils.
Melon seeds: benefits and recipes of traditional medicine
The benefits of melon seeds are due to the high amount of potassium, sodium, and magnesium. They also contain B vitamins, which contribute to tissue regeneration. The seeds also have other beneficial properties:
- remove heavy metals and pesticides from the body;
- normalize cholesterol levels;
- improve potency;
- prevent prostate adenoma;
- enhance the effectiveness of medications;
- have a positive effect on metabolism.
These positive characteristics make fruit seeds an effective traditional medicine.
Application in cosmetology
Masks based on fruit pulp rejuvenate and moisturize the skin, soothe irritation, and make hair beautiful and healthy.
For skin nutrition 2 tbsp. the pureed pulp should be mixed with 1 tsp. honey and apply to the skin of the face. The mask should be kept for about 30 minutes.
To get rid of irritation, you need to mix a mashed piece of fruit pulp with 1 tbsp. cream cheese and 1 tsp. pumpkin oil. The product is kept on the face for 15 minutes and removed with a cotton pad dipped in milk.
Melon for hair
To soften and moisturize your hair, you need to mix a few pieces of melon, 100 g of cognac, and 150 g of strong black coffee. The mask is applied to clean and slightly damp hair, rubbing it into the roots. You can wash off the product after 40 minutes.
To strengthen your hair, you can make a mask based on melon juice, oil, and sour cream. Half a glass of juice is mixed with 1 tbsp. olive oil and 1 tbsp. sour cream. The product is applied to the hair and left for 40 minutes.
How to eat a melon
The fruit can be halved and cut into long slices, after removing the seeds. In this case, it is eaten in the same way as a watermelon. Melon, cut into pieces with the rind, can be eaten with a spoon. The pieces, which are served without crust, are eaten with a fork and knife.
The use of melon in cooking
Most often, the product is eaten fresh, as an independent dish. In addition, you can make jam, jelly from the melon. Compote is also cooked from the pulp of the fruit, and candied fruits are prepared from the peel. Melon marmalade is also delicious.
Attention! Eating melons with fermented milk products and alcohol is highly undesirable – this will cause unpleasant consequences for the stomach and intestines.
The product is not recommended to be eaten on an empty stomach, but it is undesirable to consume the treat immediately after a meal. It is better to eat the fruit a couple of hours after a meal and some time before the next meal.
How to choose a melon
To choose a tasty and healthy fruit, it is important to consider the following recommendations:
- The peel should be free of dents and stains.
- The aroma of the ripe fruit is pleasant and sweet, does not smell like grass.
- If possible, it is advisable to look at the color of the pulp – the richer it is, the more ripe and healthier the fruit.
- A high-quality fruit makes a dull, dense sound if you lightly pat its surface.
- The stalk and the place of its attachment must be dry.
The peel of the fruit on the back of the stalk should be easy to press. This suggests that the melon is ripe on the melon, and has not been picked yet green. It is best to buy the product in August-September in proven places.
Melon harm and contraindications
In addition to the benefits, the product can also harm the body:
- A large amount of the product burdens digestion, causing indigestion.
- The fruit can cause fermentation, which leads to flatulence, bloating.
- The product is contraindicated in patients with infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Excessive consumption of the fetus can cause hypervitaminosis, which harms the intestines and heart.
In general, this tasty fruit is more useful than harmful. The main thing is to observe the measure and take into account possible contraindications.