Garden dill, well known to people for more than one thousand years, is used in the cuisines of various countries and regions. The plant in the form of extracts, decoctions, and fragrances is used in cosmetology, but dill greens are in no less demand in medicine. The inhabitants of Hellas and Ancient Rome also used dill as a natural pain reliever.
Composition and calorie content of dill
For 100 grams of greens containing only 38 kcal, you have:
- 0.5 grams of fat;
- 2.5 grams of protein;
- 6.3 grams of carbohydrates.
The first in a series of vitamins found in dill is ascorbic acid. When eating 100 grams of fresh herbs per day, a person receives more than 110% of the required amount of vitamin C.
In addition, dill contains beta-carotene, tocopherol, and B vitamins. The macronutrient composition of dill greens includes copper, potassium and sodium, magnesium, zinc, and other vital substances necessary for a person. Dill in a salad or stew will replenish the body with iron and phosphorus, and the active substances of dill will have a disinfecting, soothing, and analgesic effect.
The complex of mineral elements is also impressive, it includes:
The benefits of dill
Due to this, food such as fatty meat, which is heavy for the stomach, is digested and absorbed by the body much easier and faster in the presence of dill. Phytoncides that have a disinfecting effect in combination with ascorbic acid and other active substances serve:
- suppression of pathogenic flora in the body;
- increasing resistance to intestinal infections;
- maintaining immunity against seasonal colds.
Dill broth is used for dyspepsia and even, according to some experts, prevents the development of cancer cells.
The mild antispasmodic effect of dill for the body is useful for respiratory diseases, for example, colds and allergic coughs and sneezes. In addition, the essential oil of this plant has antihistamine properties and can alleviate the suffering of allergy sufferers. For women, dill is good for painful periods. Dishes flavored with herbs and an infusion taken for medicinal purposes will help:
- relieve pain;
- reduce spasms.
In the greens of dill, which is useful for the body, besides other vitamins and microelements, there is enough calcium, which is indispensable for the health of the skeletal system. Therefore, for people of mature and old age, spicy herbs can serve as a good preventive measure against osteoporosis. At any age, dill promotes the healing of fractures, bruises, and cracks.
- quietly relieve the feeling of anxiety;
- help to overcome fatigue after a working day;
- will help to recover from illness.
The herbal remedy is safe and gentle to normalize blood pressure. Dill can both effectively soothe and invigorate at the right time. The effect of a decoction of dill and fresh foliage also extends to sexual functions, which is why dill is useful for men whose hormonal fund is reduced due to age-related changes or diseases. The herb has a similar effect on women.
Ways to use dill
Fragrant fresh dill is an irreplaceable seasoning for salads, pickles, and hot dishes. Culinary experts prefer to deal with herbs, and graceful umbrellas with seeds are used only in homemade preparations. But there are useful substances in all parts of the plant, therefore, green leaves, stems, and plant seeds are suitable for the preparation of medicinal infusions, decoctions, oils, and extracts. Such dill products have a lot of useful properties and there are almost no contraindications.
At home, the easiest way is to prepare an infusion from the seeds and shoots of dill, as well as prepare a healing decoction from this plant:
- For infusion, a teaspoon of dry seeds and pour a glass of boiling water.
- After 30 minutes, a mild pain reliever and sedative can be taken twice a day, 100–120 ml.
A strengthening tonic decoction of dill, useful for the body, is made from two tablespoons of dry seeds or chopped plant materials, apple and orange peel, a small amount of raspberry or currant leaves:
- The dry mixture is brewed with a liter of boiling water and kept on fire for about 10 minutes.
- When the product has cooled down, the liquid is filtered and taken in the morning and evening, 150-200 ml.
Since all the active properties of plants are transferred to such infusions, it is better to consult a specialist before taking the funds. But the external remedies from dill have useful properties, and practically have no contraindications, therefore they will definitely not cause harm. But the gruel from chopped greens will help relieve swelling and itching after an insect bite. A compress with such a simple composition draws pus from neglected wounds and relieves inflammation.
Masks and compresses, which include crushed greens, lighten age spots, tighten and saturate the skin of the face, neck, and hands with vitamins. Such procedures are especially useful in winter when the body is naturally deficient in vitamins. And here ice cubes from dill will come to the rescue, which is useful for the body from this side as well.
Despite the excellent set of useful qualities and the vitamin composition of dill, it is by no means impossible to use this plant thoughtlessly and uncontrollably.
There is also an individual intolerance to dill essential oils. If dill is a new herb in the diet, it is better to start using it with a small portion, and at the first signs of an allergic reaction, you will have to refuse the greens.
With reduced pressure, unnecessarily large amounts of dill on the menu only exacerbate the situation and can cause fainting.
Medicinal properties of dill during pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Relieves colic in babies.
- Stimulates the production of breast milk.
- Prevents the formation of age spots in pregnant women.
Attention! Dill is useful for almost everyone, but there are also contraindications. It can be harmful, cause allergies in infants, and dramatically reduce blood pressure during hypotension. Therefore, when using it for medicinal purposes, it is worth consulting with a specialist.
Medicinal properties and use of dill and seeds in traditional medicine
Traditional medicine recommends for use not only greens but also seeds, which contain a wide range of biologically active substances.
- Acids – nicotinic, palmitic, oleic.
- Omega-3 and 6.
- Essential oils.
Not everyone knows why dill seeds help. Medicines with this ingredient have antispasmodic, choleretic, sedative, analgesic, lactogenic properties.
For what diseases and functional disorders does seed decoction help:
- Normalizes the neurovascular system, helps with overexcitation, insomnia. According to doctors, seeds facilitate the painful process of adaptation to school more effectively than expensive chemical drugs.
- Heals the pathogenic processes of the respiratory system, joints, genitourinary organs.
- Helps with cystitis, inflammation of the ureters, eliminating relapses.
- Treatment with pancreatic seeds prevents congestion and tidies up the digestive process.
- It is used for weight loss, due to the activation of metabolism.
- It is useful for the intestinal tract. A gentle, non-addictive laxative that does not disturb peristalsis.
- It has a good disinfecting effect, helps with wounds and ulcers.
Thus, the beneficial effect of dill on the human body is obvious.
Important! Seeds should be used carefully for kidney stones and bile duct stones.
Dill tinctures and decoctions
Homemade water and alcohol infusions are made on dill.
The basic method for preparing infusion from seeds.
The seeds are crushed; an electric coffee grinder is best suited for this. You can do it in the future.
Prepared raw materials in the amount of 1 tablespoon are poured with boiling water, one glass is enough.
It is better to cover the broth on top with a steaming plate and leave for 15 minutes. Take 0.5 cups before meals 3 times a day.
Dill is harmoniously combined with other medicinal plants – chamomile, anise, caraway seeds, barley, hop cones.
Healing alcoholic tincture.
Greens, crushed seeds insist on alcohol or vodka. The cooking recipe is identical.
A small bunch of about 3 grams of dried raw materials is placed in a glass dish, poured with 1 liter of vodka or alcohol, insisted for 5-7 days in a dark place.
After that, the tincture must be filtered. It keeps well.
Attention! To properly brew dill, it is crushed. The greens must be finely chopped, the seeds must be driven through a coffee grinder.
The broth can be kept fresh in the refrigerator for 3-4 days.
How to properly dry dill at home
Dill can be dried naturally, in the oven or microwave. It is important to do it right so as not to get a yellow, slightly appetizing mass.
It is easiest to dry in the fresh air. To do this, they prepare it – wash it, remove roots, dry branches, tie it into small bunches, and then hang it on a rope.
For this, you need to choose a dry and cool place. After that, you can forget about dill for two weeks. The finished spice is placed in an airtight package and sent for storage.
If it is not possible to dry greens in an open space, you can do it in the oven.
There is no need to heat it to a high temperature, +45 ° C is enough. The greens are laid out on a baking sheet in an even layer. The drying time is about 2 hours.
Lucky microwave oven owners can use this useful dill dryer. To do this, cover the turntable with a clean cloth.
They distribute a small number of raw materials, cover them with a cloth on top, turn on the device for 3-4 minutes at the maximum power level.
The seeds are dried in a similar manner. Attention! There are several reasons why dill turns yellow. Most often this happens if it is dried in direct sunlight.
How to freeze dill for the winter
For long-term storage, dill can be frozen. Only young greens will do.
It is washed, dried, crushed, laid out in bags or containers, and then placed in the freezer. The frozen spice is stored for a very long time.
How to salt dill for long-term storage?
Salted dill has advantages over frozen dill. It retains all the beneficial substances of fresh greens, even its bright aroma.
For salting, the greens are sorted out, cleaned, washed, dried. Then it needs to be crushed.
The finished raw materials are placed in a bowl or basin, covered with salt, a ratio of 1: 4 (for 1 kg of dill, one glass of ordinary table salt).
The greens are ground, placed in sterilized jars. You can store it in a dry place on the shelves of the cabinet.
Where to apply dill umbrellas
After processing dill, umbrella inflorescences remain. They can be used for pickling by adding them to jars of canned cucumbers and tomatoes.