Rush (Pýrus) is the name given to the fruits of the tree of the same name, belonging to the Pink family. Traditionally, pears are in the shape of a light bulb, but there are round or cylindrical pears specially bred by breeders. Fruits have a variety of colors – almost transparent white, light and dark yellow, brown, red-orange, and all shades of green – the palette of pears is rich and quirky. The hardness of the peel depends entirely on the variety – from the most delicate, to completely “non-digestible”, which must be cut off with a sharp knife. The flesh of pears is also heterogeneous – some fruits are juicy and flow out with juice, others are difficult to cut, their flesh is so firm and crunchy. In the pulp of pears, grains are often clearly felt, which distinguishes these fruits from apples with smooth pulp. What unites all pears without exception is a magical smell emanating from each ripe fruit. The pear smells sweet and tart, the more ripe the fruit, the brighter and richer the aroma.
Few people know that the pear belongs to ancient cultures, its images were found during excavations in the city of Pompeii, information about the fruits is found in the treatises of India and Greece. This fruit can surprise with its useful properties, even those who are perfectly familiar with its taste.
Wild pear varieties grow throughout Europe, in Asia. She has small and tart fruits that are rarely eaten. Due to the variety of varieties, the cultivated pear is found in the garden plots of Europe, Asia, and the USA. Besides, in many countries, the plant is cultivated commercially for the domestic market and export.
The pear is whimsical to the soil, therefore it grows only on fertile non-acidic soils, in other conditions, it takes root badly and gives a meager harvest.
The pear contains 0.5 g of starch, 0.7 g of ash, about 10 g of saccharides, 0.5 g of organic acids, as well as about 3 g of dietary fiber. A pear is 85% water.
The nutritional value
100 g of the fruit contains 10 g of carbohydrates, 0.3 g of fat, and 0.4 g of protein.
The most famous, widespread, what is called “heard” among consumers are the varieties Duchess, Conference, Williams, Bergamot (yes, this is a pear variety, not citrus fruits, as many people think while enjoying Earl Gray tea), Chinese. Gardeners know Yeseninsky and Lada, Bere Napoleon and Lyra, Pakgam’s Triumph and Myth. There are more than 500 varieties of pears, so each owner chooses his own variety for his plot – light or heat-loving, in need of a loose bud, or growing quietly on loam.
The benefits of a pear
Depending on the characteristics of the organism, a pear can have a different effect.
An unhealthy lifestyle, unhealthy diet, low physical activity, daily consumption of a fresh pear can be some of the helpers in the fight against prostatitis. It is customary to use wild pear, it is considered the best remedy for the prevention and treatment of prostate diseases. The pear participates in the blood and lymph circulation of the pelvic organs, which has a beneficial effect on potency. The most effective remedy has an infusion of pear flowers: pour 30 g of inflorescences with two glasses of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drink during the day.
With myocardial infarction, it is recommended to eat pears an hour after eating, the blood vessels and heart muscle are strengthened, and the heart rate is restored.
Having in its composition a lot of folic acids, the pear is especially useful for women during pregnancy, protects the body from the teratogenic effect of drugs that can cause congenital deformities. A woman with a difficult pregnancy needs to include pears in her daily diet, they normalize hormonal levels, preventing the risk of miscarriage. Also, the pear has a beneficial effect on the fetus, stimulating the formation and functioning of the nervous system.
Catechin in pears can stop the aging process of the body, rejuvenates, participates in cell regeneration, and acts as an antioxidant. Retinol strengthens vision, affects the skin and hair, and supports the immune system. Pear is useful for women with thyroid problems and iodine deficiency. Reduces the risk of neoplasms and cancers of the female genital organs during menopause.
Pear has the ability to relieve depressed mood, irritability, improves memory, increases efficiency. These properties make this fruit indispensable for painful periods and mood swings. Having a low energy value, fruits are prescribed for overweight, impaired metabolism.
Thousands of women have appreciated the effect of pears on the skin of the face and neck. After mixing the pulp of the fruit with honey in a 2: 1 ratio, you must apply the pear to your face once every few days. Such a remedy will heal the skin, nourish it with vitamins, and even out the complexion. A combination of pear puree and hydrogen peroxide is used to combat acne. A few drops of peroxide are added to a tablespoon of puree, and then applied to problem areas.
In complementary foods, the pear is prescribed to children not earlier than seven months of age. The pear is allergenic, so you need to carefully monitor the baby’s reaction and stop taking it on time.
Due to its composition, the pear is indispensable in the child’s diet. The fiber of the fruit normalizes the intestinal microflora, potassium strengthens the heart muscle and blood vessels, restores cells.
Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, the pear is useful for children in the treatment of colds. The fruit stimulates the defenses of a fragile child’s body. Decoctions of pears have antipyretic antiseptic properties, relieve high fever, relieve fever, and improve the general condition of the body during illness. Pear seeds are still used as an anthelmintic.
The antibacterial effect of the pear eliminates the pathogenic flora, and the antimicrobial properties will help to cope with the inflammatory processes in the child’s body. In case of anxiety, nervous tension, imbalance, pears are recommended for children. Also, the fruits of the plant will help to restore strength during the study and active sports loads.
For all its useful properties, a pear is useful only in moderation – a few fruits per day will be enough for the body. Excessive consumption leads to indigestion. The pear is not eaten on an empty stomach, as it can harm the intestinal mucosa. The fruit should not be washed down with water, this will cause fermentation of the fruit and upset the body.
It is not recommended to eat pear for people with ulcers, gastritis, and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Sour fruits are contraindicated in the elderly – they aggravate disorders of the nervous system, excessively increase appetite, and are difficult for the body to absorb.
How to choose and store pears
The pear tends to ripen after picking, this is used by producers, picking off unripe fruits to preserve their suitability for transportation. Therefore, most often on the shelves in stores and on the market you can find it is an unripe pear or artificially ripened.
When choosing fruit, first of all, pay attention to the condition of the skin; it should not have any damage, scratches, darkening, or traces of rot. It will not work to determine the ripeness of pear by the color – it depends on the variety, many varieties retain their green color even in a mature state. Sometimes a blush on one side of the fruit can be an indication of maturity. Pay attention to the surface near the stem of the pear – if brown spots appear on it, then the fruits are stale.
A ripe pear is of medium firmness and exudes a pleasant aroma; the taste of the pulp should be sweet.
The shelf life of fresh pears depends on the degree of ripeness and temperature conditions. Ripe fruits are perishable, so they are recommended to be eaten immediately or within a few days. By removing such fruits from the refrigerator, you can extend their shelf life up to a week. Before use, unripe pears should be put in a warm place and wait for ripening. At zero temperature, an unripe pear can be stored in paper bags for up to six months. If nevertheless, plastic bags are used, they cannot be closed tightly; the best option would be to cut out small holes in the area of the bag.
Paper will help to increase the chances of preserving the harvest – wrap each fruit in it, in this case, the pear will definitely survive the winter. This method can be used by residents of apartments that have a balcony or storage room. During storage, spoiled fruits must be periodically removed, since one pear will provoke damage to the entire mass.
Winter varieties of pears are stored longer, they are picked unripe, they ripen within a couple of months, extending the shelf life of the fruits to 6-8 months. Storage rules do not differ from those described above.
Overripe fruits are best kept frozen, dried, or canned.
Pear in medicine
The medicinal value of the common pear is known from ancient times. Even the healers of the ancient world learned to use the anti-inflammatory, astringent, tonic, expectorant properties of fruits, leaves, bark, pear flowers. They made vitamin teas and made a healing substitute for coffee from dried seeds.
Pear is good as a diuretic, affects the inflammatory processes of the bladder, renal pelvis, removes kidney stones. Daily use of pears leads to a decrease in the dose of diuretics, faster resolution of ascites. For this purpose, a decoction of leaves is used: 100 g of raw materials are boiled over low heat in 1 liter of water for 10-15 minutes, taken in between meals. Also, a pear can remove toxins, toxins, heavy metals from the body.
Containing few calories, rich in bioactive substances, pear fruits are recommended for diabetes, obesity. Organic acids are involved in metabolism, improve digestion processes, and disinfect the intestines. Assign to regularly take 100 g of pear juice half an hour before meals. Fresh dry pears are used in restrictive diets, fasting days. The high content of sodium and chloride allows you to include fruits in salt-free diets for nephritis. In case of liver diseases, cholecystitis, it is necessary to eat fresh pears on an empty stomach – heartburn, feeling of heaviness, burning sensation, pain behind the breastbone will go away.
An infusion of dried pears treats diarrhea: put 30 g of dry fruits in a thermos, pour 500 ml of boiling water, leave for 3 hours, take half a glass in the morning, store the infusion in the refrigerator.
In case of lung diseases, severe cough, tuberculosis, it is useful to use pear jam, drink decoctions from dried fruits. For chronic bronchitis, take 5 g of pear resin per day.
Pear juice is used to treat diseases of the circulatory system. Capillaries are noticeably strengthened, cholesterol levels are reduced, the elasticity of blood vessel walls is increased, and the heart rate is leveled.
An old cure for anemia has survived to this day: two teaspoons of lime honey are added to the mashed pear fruits, taken 3 times a day after meals.