What are black dots
Human skin is covered with a huge number of pores – 100 pieces per square centimeter. Through them, the sebaceous glands moisturize and protect the surface of the body. This is normal. But sometimes the pores are clogged with dead skin, dirt and dust, and the top is clogged with sebum. This is how comedones appear: closed (acne) and open (black dots). Most often this occurs in the places where the sebaceous glands are most active: on the face (nose, forehead, chin), back and neck.
Reasons for the appearance of black dots
- Hormonal surges. In adolescence, during periods of menstruation, pregnancy or menopause, inflammation on the skin can be triggered by the work of hormones.
- Insufficient skin cleansing. If you come back after a working day in the city and have not washed yourself, all the road dust raised in the air by cars will remain on your face. And if you cheat in the process of washing off the makeup, then the remains of powder, blush and foundation will be a friendly company of dust.
- Excessive cleansing of the skin. Yes, this is also harmful. If you wash your face with soap several times a day, rub it with tonics and lotions a couple more times, and finally treat it with alcohol for disinfection – congratulations! You have completely killed the protective layer of your skin. With such an active exposure, the face repeatedly remains defenseless in front of the surrounding bacteria, which is perceived by the sebaceous glands as an alarm signal. As a result, such diligence can only achieve the opposite effect: the fat will begin to stand out even faster and more actively.
- Too many scrubs. If you are trying to remove blackheads with frequent peels, the effect will be the same as in the previous case. In addition, if the scrub is too coarse, you can also damage the skin mechanically.
- Frequent touching of the skin. Touch your face as little as possible and only with clean hands. If your nose is itchy, take a paper napkin, especially if you were holding onto the rail on the subway a second ago. Imagine what might get on your skin from there.
- Smoking. In addition to the fact that this bad habit makes the skin dull and ages you ahead of time, cigarette smoke can contribute to inflammatory processes on the skin.
- Oily hair balm. If you have comedones on your neck, shoulders, or forehead (if you wear bangs), look at how you wash your hair. Remains of hair moisturizers or thick styling products are transferred to the skin and can clog pores.
Contrary to popular belief, nutrition does not affect the condition of comedones. And although eating fatty, fried or sweet daily is not very healthy in general, blackheads from this will not become less or more.
What will help with blackheads
There are several basic methods of cleansing open comedones from the skin:
- Mechanical removal. Held in a professional salon or at home. This method will give you a quick but unfortunately short-lived effect. We do not recommend squeezing out black dots on your own or from an unreliable master: there is a high risk of infection, scars may remain.
- Cosmetic procedures. Acid peels, vacuum cleaning, ultrasound removal – find out the full list in beauty salons and cosmetology centers. These procedures can be effective if you do not have any contraindications.
- Masks and scrubs of various actions. They can exfoliate or pull out protruding heads of comedones, as well as lighten them. You can find the right product from your favorite cosmetics brand, or prepare it at home.
- Lifestyle changes. The most difficult but most effective method. Take proper care of your face, look for quality cosmetics, get rid of bad habits. If other methods give only a temporary result – until new inflammations appear, then this one will provide you with clean and smooth skin for a long time.
The beauty products market is full of a variety of products from blackheads, you can easily find any in the store. And we will tell you about the tools that you can prepare yourself.
How to get rid of blackheads at home
White clay mask. It is a natural absorbent that will tighten pores, remove excess sebum and remove oily sheen. White clay powder is sold in pharmacies, it is enough to mix it with warm water according to the instructions and leave for 5-15 minutes. Since clay dries out the skin, do this mask no more than once a week, and apply a moisturizer to your face when finished.
Honey mask. Apply a thin layer of liquid honey on your face for 10-15 minutes, rinse with warm water. Honey is a natural antiseptic that will make the skin cleaner without drying it out. Before applying, it is better to test the mask on a small area of the skin and make sure that there is no allergic reaction.
Kefir mask. Heat regular kefir to 50-60 ° C and lubricate your face with it. In 15–20 minutes, the acids in the drink treat your skin as a gentle and light peeling.
Lemon honey mask. Grate a quarter lemon on a fine grater and mix with a tablespoon of honey. Lemon is a great bleach, but quite harsh, so test the mask on a small area of skin before applying. If the reaction is normal, apply the mixture to your face for 10-15 minutes. Be sure to use a moisturizer at the end of the procedure.
Lemon tonic. Mix the juice of half a lemon and a medium cucumber with a teaspoon of honey. Dilute with clean water if desired to obtain a liquid consistency. Wipe the resulting tonic on your face once or twice a day after washing your face. You can store such a natural cosmetic product in the refrigerator for 5-7 days.
Strawberry mask. Mash a couple of ripe strawberries with a fork and add a little flour if desired to get a thick gruel. Apply the mask for 20-25 minutes, and then rinse with cold water.
Baking soda mask. Mix a couple of tablespoons of regular baking soda with a little water. Apply the mixture to your face for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with water. This mask dries the skin a lot, so do it no more than once every 1-2 weeks with the obligatory use of a moisturizer after the procedure.
Activated carbon mask. Grind a pack of tablets (10 pieces) and mix with a little water to make a thick mass. Spread the mixture all over your face and let it sit for 5-10 minutes. Charcoal is a natural absorbent and due to its texture it can be used as a scrub. Therefore, before you wash off the mask, gently massage the skin. For dry and normal skin, the composition can be improved by replacing the water with sour cream or milk.
Honey cinnamon scrub. Mix three tablespoons of honey with one spoonful of cinnamon powder. Due to the fine grinding of the spice, the scrub is perfect for gentle exfoliation of the skin. Massage your face for a few minutes, and before that wash with warm water to open the pores.
Milk gelatin mask. Mix equal proportions of milk with gelatin and heat in a water bath or in a microwave oven until the latter is dissolved. Apply the solution to your face with a brush or hands. To make it easier to remove the mask afterwards, add one or two more layers when the first dries. After 20-25 minutes, start peeling off the dried mask from your face. If you have delicate skin and this process is too painful for you, wash off the mask with warm water. Use a soothing moisturizer at the end of the procedure.
Protein-sugar mask. Add a tablespoon of sugar to the raw egg white and stir until smooth. Apply half of the mixture to face and wait until dry. Place the rest of the mask on top with your hands and begin to drive them in with patting movements with your fingertips. During the procedure, a sticky mass between your hands and face draws out the contents of the pores. Continue patting until your fingers stop sticking to your skin.
Firming lemon mask. Whisk one egg white, one tablespoon of sugar and one tablespoon of lemon juice and leave it on your face for 5-15 minutes, then rinse with cool water.
Prevention of the appearance of black dots
Our task is to properly cleanse the skin from external impurities and regulate the work of the sebaceous glands.
- Wash your face morning and evening using mild cosmetics.
- Do not use alcohol or soap to cleanse your skin. Overdried skin will do everything to restore the damaged protective layer, and will begin to produce sebum in an even greater volume.
- Rinse off makeup, especially waterproof makeup, thoroughly. Whatever you use to remove it, be sure to wash yourself with clean water afterwards.
- Pay attention to your makeup: you may be using a cream that is not suitable for your skin type (too oily or not moisturizing enough).
- At the end of any water treatment, rinse your skin with cool or cold water. From the effects of low temperatures, the pores will naturally close and protect themselves from external influences.
- Only touch your face with clean hands.
What cosmetics to use
- Find the right face cream for you. If you have dry skin, the product should be moisturizing enough so that the sebaceous glands don’t feel the need to work harder. If the skin is oily, a light lotion or emulsion is more suitable: they will not clog into the pores.
- Use water-based and not oil-based cosmetics. They will allow the skin to breathe.
- Avoid heavy foundation in favor of toning balms or BB creams. Also, do not make a “puff cake” on your face from foundation, tone, concealer and powder.
- If you live in a large city, are often among a large crowd of people, or if your way home lies along the road, cosmetics will not harm, but only help your skin. A thin layer of properly selected high-quality foundation will keep the pores from dust and dirt floating in the air.
Do blackheads bother you? How do you fight them? What recipes are helping you? Share your secrets in the comments.
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