Trying to make their home more comfortable and beautiful, as a rule, the owners acquire various elements of decor and furniture, while few people think about how this can affect air quality. The fact is that these same “new things” can emit a variety of substances. Electrical appliances, linoleum, laminate, etc. sometimes contain traces of formaldehydes, which in turn come in contact with the air in the room. But what to do to fix it?
Indoor plants can improve air quality in any home. Some of them can make the air cleaner by absorbing traces of smoke, dust and other particles, as well as heavy compounds that pose a danger to human health. 15 indoor plants purifying the air.
Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum) can become the “Light” of any apartment. The fact is that it is able to absorb most toxic substances from the air, as well as carbon monoxide. It occupies a leading position among all indoor plants in terms of oxygen release and in its ability to purify air from formaldehydes. Most gardeners believe that such a plant looks very simple. However, it is worth hanging it, choosing an unusual support for this or decorating the pot with a nice pot, then chlorophytum will immediately be transformed.
Ficus Benjamina is also among the first among indoor plants that can make the air in the room clean. This plant is able to remove dust from the air, as well as various harmful compounds that are released by objects made of plastic, and some furniture. This ficus is also interesting in that during the growth of its stems, if necessary, can be twisted, giving them various unusual shapes.
The spathiphyllum plant (Spathiphyllum) has beautiful flowers, which flower growers often refer to as “bedspreads.” Such a plant is able to decorate almost any room, as it has a spectacular appearance. And it is distinguished by its industriousness: it pretty well cleans the air in the room from mold spores, and also from formaldehyde and trichlorethylene.
Pelargonium (room geranium)
If you want to decorate your house with pelargonium, which is better known as room geranium, then you should consider that it can have a negative effect on allergy sufferers. However, such a flower is undeniably useful, as it can purify the air of pathogenic microorganisms. This amazing property is due to the fact that the bush contains essential oils, and if a person has no contraindications, they will also have a beneficial effect on his body. So, it was noted that pelargonium normalizes the state of the nervous system and helps improve sleep.
Sansevieria (“snake plant”)
Probably, many flower growers are aware that sansevieria, which is also called “snake plant”, has a number of unusual properties. Even if in the summer it is transferred to the balcony and left there for a month, then even under the scorching sun at plus 35 it will survive. If, as a result of an oversight, the bush dries, it will need to be moved to a shaded place and watered. After a while, the bush will come to life, and if it is also fed, then after only a few months, it will again delight with its attractive appearance. Such a flower is useful in that it can purify indoor air from formaldehydes and nitrogen oxides, this fact has been proved by scientists. “Snake plant” is perfect for various rooms, including for children and kitchen.
Hamedorea (bamboo palm)
The real decoration of any home will be a bamboo palm, or chamedorea (Chamaedorea). This plant is different in that it is able to moisturize the air, making it easier to breathe in the room, and it can also clean it of formaldehydes. The name of such a plant comes from a pair of Greek words, namely: “chamai”, which translates as “dwarf” and “dorea” – “gift”. But if you want to grow it in your house, then keep in mind that the bush in indoor conditions in height reaches an average of 200 cm. However, such a palm tree is incredibly beautiful and also very useful. The most popular among flower growers are species such as: high chamedorea (Chamaedorea elatior) and elegant chamedorea (Chamaedorea elegans).
Many flower growers mistakenly believe that Gerbera, although very beautiful, is absolutely useless. And therefore, it is used only to decorate your home. However, few people realize that it is not so simple as it seems. The fact is that such a flower is able to remove benzene from the air, and it also helps to improve sleep.
Such a plant as a cypress tree (Chamaecyparis) is able to absorb dust from the air, and with it negative ions that are emitted by electrical devices. And this flower is also able to discharge air in the room due to the fact that it gives out positive ions instead of absorbed negative ones. Thanks to this, the air becomes much cleaner and filled with freshness.
Orange and lemon trees
All lemon and orange trees have a positive effect on the air. The room where such a plant is located has air purified from various pathogenic bacteria and microbes. The composition of citrus includes essential oils, which have a positive effect on the state of the human body, while the air in the room becomes very fresh. Such trees are interesting in that for some gardeners they grow beautifully without much care, while others have to put a lot of effort so that such a plant does not die.
Begonia decorates window sills in many homes and for good reason! The fact is that it is able to absorb dust, as well as moisturize the air. But at the same time, the bush must be systematically moistened from the sprayer so that it can again absorb dust (like a vacuum cleaner). And such a plant is able to exterminate most of the microbes and fungi in the air. They also help to cope with the radiation of electrical appliances. Plus, during flowering, the bush looks incredibly impressive.
Laurel is very popular with European flower growers, but in Russia it can be met not so often. However, this plant is incredibly useful! It removes various pathogens and dust from the air, and is also able to help with a variety of diseases. Although it looks rustic and outwardly, such a flower is distinguished by its powerful medicinal and cleansing effect.
Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia) just need to grow those people who often have lung disease. The fact is that such a plant is able to exterminate staphylococci, which contribute to the development of various diseases. This flower can also detect and exterminate those toxic substances (xylene and toluene) that are released by paintwork on walls or floors.
Another indoor plant that perfectly cleans the air is dracaena (Dracaena). If you decorate your windowsill with such a flower, then you don’t have to worry about exhaust gases or any other unpleasant smell coming from the street during ventilation. The fact is that such a bush cleans the air well of benzene, as well as of trichlorethylene, which can get into the room with exhausts.
Aloe is a very popular houseplant among gardeners. It is able to absorb formaldehyde from the air, which is released by new furniture. And such a flower can relieve various diseases. It can help with colds and colds. For the prevention and treatment of such diseases, it is recommended to drip a few drops of aloe juice into the nose. Aloe contains phytoncides, which stimulate the brain, and also relieve physical fatigue.
Such a plant as Schefflera is perfect for smokers or those who have a smoker in the house. The fact is that it absorbs nicotine and tar from the air, while neutralizing them. This flower has a very spectacular appearance, while it is part of the largest genus belonging to the Araliev family. You also need to consider that the bush will have a rich green-yellow color only if it receives a very large amount of scattered light. Whichever flower you choose, the most important thing is that you like each other. Also, when choosing a plant, one must take into account how much it is toxic to animals and children.
Indoor plants that purify indoor air
The air in the room eventually becomes clogged with dust, which can contain spores of fungus and mold, particles of soot and burning, bacteria and viruses. Chemical compounds that are released by building materials, chipboard furniture and paint fall into it.
You can cope with indoor air pollution without expensive electric cleaners. To do this, you need to choose the right indoor plants to clean the air.
How plants clean the air
Indoor flowers are not only an evergreen frame of an apartment, they serve as an “air filter”. All plants emit volatile – biologically active substances that help to saturate the air with oxygen and moisture, as well as neutralize harmful impurities.
Flowers perfectly fight such harmful chemical compounds as benzene, trichlorethylene and formaldehyde.
Where the harmful substances come from in the air of the room
Benzene is released from products made of plastic and rubber. The source of such fumes can be a new linoleum.
Formaldehyde is present in varnishes and paints, as well as in the glue used in the manufacture of plywood. Formaldehyde can be released into the air by new furniture made of chipboard or MDF, as well as carpets.
Trichlorethylene is in household chemicals. It is contained in stain removers, varnishes and adhesives.
How many plants do you need to clean the air in a room
Calculate the required number of plants by room area can be as follows: 5 square meters. m apartment will need one medium flower or tree. Not all domestic plants purify the air equally effectively, and some of them can be dangerous for pets or cause allergic reactions.
People often do not know which plants to choose to clean the air in the apartment. Therefore, we consider what types of domestic flowers cope with cleaning from harmful fumes better than others.
The most effective indoor air purification plants
The list was compiled from the most popular indoor plants for air purification, which can be purchased at any flower shop.
This plant you probably remember the narrow striped leaves and long processes with young shoots. The flower grows quickly, unpretentious in care. It is resistant to, lack of lighting and moisture. You can water it once a week. And if you spray his leaves with warm water, they will become brighter and more beautiful. A pot with a plant will not take up much space in the room; it can be placed in a pot.
This plant has a unique ability to fight bacteria. In a room where there is chlorophytum, they are 80% less. It also helps clean the air of benzene, carbon monoxide and formaldehyde. Chlorophytum absorbs exhaust gases, so it is recommended to start it for residents of the first and second floors in urban apartments.
This plant came to us from tropical forests, so it loves heat and moisture. Wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. The temperature in the room should not fall below 17 degrees.
The flower grows well in partial shade or on a darkened window. With proper care, he will delight you with delicate white flowers for a long time. Spathiphyllum moisturizes the air better than others. In addition, it can neutralize the evaporation of trichlorethylene and ammonia. In rooms where spathiphyllum grows, mold does not develop.
Such a plant with thick fleshy stems will become not only a decoration of the room, but also a home medicine cabinet. It treats a sore throat, runny nose, helps to care for the skin. A variety of vitamin supplements that enhance immunity are prepared from aloe leaves. Aloe freshens the air, releasing volatile. The plant helps to fight fatigue, improves working capacity.
Caring for him is very easy. The plant loves bright light. You can water it once a month. Aloe grows in light sandy soil. A flower pot does not take up much space on the windowsill. Aloe normalizes the microclimate in the room, absorbs formaldehydes. The plant produces a lot of oxygen.
Dracaena is a good filter, neutralizing almost all harmful fumes. She fights even with toluene and xylene, but cannot purify ammonia. Dracaena can have different heights, depending on his age. Young plants are placed on the windowsill, and by the age of 10 grow up to 3 m. There are about 40 species of this plant that differ in the width and color of the leaves.
It is easy to care for her: dracaena does not like excess moisture, and is unpretentious to lighting. If the room is hot, the leaves may need additional hydration with a sprayer.
Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana)
This plant will not only make the air in your room cleaner and safer, but will also delight you with beautiful bright colors. In folk medicine, the therapeutic properties of Kalanchoe are widely used. It helps to cope with a runny nose. In the room where there is this flower, pathogens practically do not occur.
Like any flowering plant, Kalanchoe loves bright lighting. During flowering, it should be watered more often than usual.
Lemon, mandarin or orange trees create a safe microclimate in the house, saving the room from germs and bacteria. Essential oils of citrus will help the residents of the room get rid of fatigue and headaches. People will improve sleep and mood.
With proper care, citrus trees grow well. In an apartment, they can bloom and bear fruit. To do this, they need to provide: abundant watering; spraying with warm water; air temperature not lower than 20 degrees.
Orchid Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis)
An exotic guest fell in love with flower growers for exquisite flowers, so today she can be found in many apartments. She is very unpretentious for watering and lighting. Orchid roots need air and light, so place it on window sills in transparent pots. It does not grow in the ground, but in a special mixture of tree bark.
Few gardeners are aware of the beneficial properties of orchids. It perfectly cleans the air of formaldehyde and toulol.
It requires a lot of space, so it is suitable for large rooms. It is planted in a spacious pot.
The tree should be carefully looked after – wipe the leaves, often water, trim the excess shoots. As a result, you get a beautiful exotic tree and clean air in the apartment.
This flower is known to many since childhood. It has long been grown on window sills due to beautiful bright inflorescences. Geranium copes with all pathogens. Essential oils secreted by leaves relieve tension, fatigue, normalize sleep.
Geranium can be grown on the sunny windows of the kitchen, balcony and bedroom. This flower is not suitable for allergy sufferers due to the specific aroma.
This flower not only neutralizes chemicals, but also copes with staphylococci.
It is recommended to be given to people who are often ill with bronchitis and pneumonia.
Recently, Gerbera has gained great popularity for its simplicity and beauty. It increasingly decorates our window sills, and also improves sleep by absorbing carbon dioxide and oxygenating the airspace.
Gerbera prefers bright diffused light, but not direct sunlight. He likes regular watering and moderate spraying. The accumulation of water on leaves and rosettes leads to decay of the flower.
In modern life, a person is surrounded by many things made with the help of varnishes, glue. In the surrounding objects there are parts made of plastic, rubber. All of them emit harmful chemicals into the air.
By growing indoor plants that purify and moisturize the air, you can protect your home from dangerous fumes, create a favorable microclimate. The more plants in the apartment, the cleaner the air in it, and the more comfortable it looks. Therefore, choose plants that purify the air from our list to create a comfortable and safe atmosphere in the apartment.
15 indoor plants that improve air
Decorating our home, acquiring furniture and decor elements, we usually don’t think about the fact that the air quality in our house may not change for the better. All the blame is on various substances that our “new things” are capable of releasing. Electrical appliances, laminate flooring, linoleum and even ordinary paper napkins may contain traces of formaldehydes in contact with the air in our home. Our green pets will help in the fight for air quality. Many plants can clean the air at home by collecting dust, smoke traces and other particles and heavy compounds that are hazardous to health.
What kind of plants are these? I have selected for you several types that are easy to care for, beautiful and able to significantly improve the air in the house.
Having settled in the room, chlorophytum (Chlorophytum) becomes its “lungs”: it collects carbon monoxide and many toxic substances from the air. In the removal of formaldehyde from the air and in the evolution of oxygen, it has no equal.
To many housewives it seems too simple, but if you add an interesting flower pot or hang it on an unusual support – you will understand that it is not as simple as it seemed at first.
- Ficus Benjamin
After chlorophytum, Benjamin’s ficus (Ficus benjamina) is the best in terms of purifying the air from dust and toxic compounds released by furniture and plastic items.
An interesting feature of this plant is that during the growth process you can spin its trunks into a variety of bizarre shapes.
The flowers of the spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum) of the mistress are often called the “bungalow.”
He is not only beautiful, but also very hardworking. It removes mold spores from the air, and also cleans the air well of trichlorethylene and formaldehyde.
- Room geranium, it is pelargonium
Despite the fact that pelargonium (Pelargonium) can adversely affect allergy sufferers, you still can not leave it unattended, as it is able to cope with pathogenic microbes and bacteria.
The thing is its essential oils, which (in the absence of contraindications) have a beneficial effect on the human body. Geranium improves sleep and calms the nervous system.
- Sansevieria, or “mother-in-law’s tongue”
I never get tired of repeating: this is just an extraordinary plant. Believe it or not, I forgot it in the summer on the balcony for a month. The temperature there in the daytime reached more than +35 ° C. It seemed that there was no chance of salvation, but Sansevieria surprised me with vitality! I poured a dry shoot of the plant and transferred it to the shade, and then I discovered a greened area near the rhizome. To celebrate, I fed him liquid fertilizer, and six months later he became more beautiful than before.
It is scientifically proven that this plant absorbs nitrogen oxides and formaldehydes. For the nursery, kitchen, and for any room – a good purchase.
- The bamboo palm, she is a chamedorea
Hamedorea (Chamaedorea) – a very beautiful plant in the home garden will definitely be the queen. It perfectly moisturizes the air (which makes it easier to breathe in the room), and also removes formaldehyde from it.
The name of this palm tree comes from 2 Greek words: dorea, which means “gift”, and chamai – “dwarf”. In fact, this “gift”, of course. not so dwarf (at home reaches 2 m in height), but it is very useful and beautiful. Take a look at such common species as elegant chamedorea (Chamaedorea elegans) and tall chamerodea (Chamaedorea elatior).
I have often heard the opinion that gerbera (Gerbera) is a useless plant and is acquired for beauty.
Imagine my surprise when I found out that it absorbs benzene from the air, and also improves sleep. You can choose useful green pets using our market. View a selection of indoor plants that improve indoor air and compare offers from different online stores. The best indoor plants that clean the air In this article, the reader is offered a list of indoor plants that NASA has recommended for air purification at space stations. These plants may well purify the air in ordinary apartments. In the rooms where we spend most of our time, there are very often harmful substances that are especially concentrated in the air after repair. Various chemical compounds stand out from paint, plastics, carpets, cleaning products, as well as numerous building materials.
There are usually three unhealthy substances in a house:
Formaldehyde, which stands out from carpets, curtains, adhesives, paints and more.
Benzene, which is released from plastics, synthetic fibers, lubricants, rubber, pesticides, etc. Trichlorethylene, which is found in paint removers, carpet cleaners, adhesives and more.
Fortunately, nature has self-cleaning mechanisms. There are many plants that clean the air very well, naturally removing pollutants. In addition, there are technologies to improve the efficiency of air purification by plants.
Indoor Air Purifying Plants
Tip: For every 10 m 2 of the room you must have at least 1 indoor plant in a pot with a diameter of 15 cm or more. Instead of arranging single plants in a room, it is better to group plants, it’s both beautiful and better for air quality. If there are children and / or pets in the house, before purchasing each plant, you should first find out if they will be dangerous to them.
NASA’s two-year research, conducted back in the late 1980s, identified indoor plants that cleanse the air of the above benzene, formaldehyde and / or trichlorethylene. Here I will dwell on 10 of them.
- Wallis spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum wallisii)
For maximum efficiency, plants need to remove dust from foliage. Flowers are also a great addition to the wonderful qualities of this plant.
Care: Spathiphyllum loves shade, does not tolerate bright light, requires high humidity. The soil should be slightly moist, in spring and summer it can be fed with liquid universal fertilizer.
Eliminates: formaldehyde, benzene, trichlorethylene, xylene, ammonia, and much more.
- Dracaena marginata,
- Fragrant Dracaena (Dracaena fragrans “Massangeana”),
- Dracaena derema Janet Craig (Dracaena deremensis “Janet Craig”),
- Dracaena Warnecki (Dracaena deremensis “Warneckii”)
These are plants of different shapes and sizes. The fragrant dracaena “Massangeana” reaches a height of 1.5 m and has a beautiful yellow strip on the leaves. Dracaena Marginata – one of the most common varieties of dracaena, can reach 3 m in height, it resembles a miniature palm tree.
Leaving: different types of dracaena treat illumination differently. Before purchasing, find out the preferences of the plant. The soil should be moist, but not moist. For dracaena, the water in the pan is deadly. In summer and spring you can fertilize with universal liquid fertilizer.
Eliminates: formaldehyde, xylene, toluene, benzene, trichlorethylene.
- Chrysanthemum garden (Chrysantheium morifolium)
As the name implies, this is not an indoor plant, it is a popular autumn-flowering decorative culture. With proper care, it blooms for six weeks. After the plant fades, it can be disposed of in a compost heap.
Care: Chrysanthemums love bright but indirect light. The soil should be moist and should be checked better every other day. It is not necessary to fertilize the plant, since it will not bloom again.
Eliminates: formaldehyde, xylene, benzene, ammonia.
4. Bamboo palm or Chamedorea (Chamaedorea sefritzii)
Lightweight and elegant – definitions that work best with this palm. It is 1-2 m in height, it releases moisture into the air, which makes it especially useful during the heating season, when the air in the room is especially dry.
Care: although this palm tree loves bright light, it should not be placed in direct sunlight. The soil must be moist. During the summer, it is better to feed monthly with universal liquid fertilizer.
Removes: formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide, xylene, chloroform, and other pollutants.
5. Golden Epipremnum (Epipremnum aureum)
Unpretentious care vine, reaching a length of 1.8-2.4 m in the room (no longer recommended). Epipremnum golden is one of the most effective indoor plants that cleanse the air.
Care: Epipremnum golden grows in any light, but does not like direct sunlight. It is necessary to water when the earth becomes dry to the touch. It is better to fertilize monthly with universal liquid fertilizer and remove the mustache when the plant becomes too long.
Removes: formaldehyde, xylene, toluene, benzene, carbon monoxide, and other pollutants.
- Common ivy, climbing ivy or Hedera (Hedera helix)
Common ivy is a winding shrub well adapted to indoor conditions. It is easily grown in hanging pots, and is an excellent choice for rooms with low light. This plant is recommended for removing allergens such as mold and animal excrement.
Care: varieties with green leaves grow well in bright indirect light and in low light. Varieties with pale, variegated leaves require bright, diffused light. The plant should be well watered and the ground should be kept moist; in winter, watering is reduced. During the growth period, it is better to water with liquid fertilizer.
Removes: benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, and other pollutants.
- Moderate aglaonema or modest aglaonema (Aglaonema modestum)
Evergreen perennial plant from tropical rainforest in Asia. Gives fruit – red berries that enhance the decorative qualities of the plant.
Leaving: grows in well-drained soil, likes diffused light and high humidity. The plant can be placed in a pan with water by placing the pot so that it does not touch the water. Watering is moderate, before watering the top layer should dry. During the growing season, it is better to feed a balanced liquid fertilizer.
Removes: benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, and other pollutants.
8. Ficus rubbery or Ficus elastica (Ficus elastica)
In the wild, this tree reaches a height of 30-40 m. The leaves of the plant are usually wide, dark green and shiny, are variegated. Aerial roots often wrap around the trunk, forming interesting intricate shapes. Tests have shown that rubbery ficus is especially effective in removing formaldehyde from the air.
Care: grows in bright diffused light. It should be watered moderately after the soil dries a little. Apply nitrogen fertilizers monthly during growth. Pruning may be necessary to reduce the size of the tree. The leaves should be periodically wiped with a damp cloth.
Removes: carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, trichlorethylene and other contaminants.
9. Crested chlorophytum (Chlorophytum comosum)
This is the most unpretentious houseplant – in order to die, one must try very hard. It has green or white-green narrow leaves and a drooping, airy mustache with small processes.
Care: grows in the light and in the shade. You can rarely water it, then it takes moisture from the roots. If watered well, then it grows.
Removes: benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, xylene and other contaminants.
- Three-lane Sansevieria or “Pike Tail” (Sansevieria trifasciata “Laurentii”)
Durable and hardy indoor plant. Has fleshy hard long leaves of dark green color with horizontal, lighter stripes.
Care: prefers bright light. It requires moderate watering during growth, the topsoil should dry out. In winter, watering is limited, but do not allow the complete drying of the soil. During the growth period, you can monthly be fed a universal liquid fertilizer.
Removes: formaldehyde and other contaminants.
Among the plants that clean the air well, NASA researchers point out:
- Ficus benjamina (Ficus benjamina);
- Climbing Philodendron (Philodendron scandens);
- Philodendron home (Philodendron domesticum);
- Philodendron bifibrous (Philodendron bipinnatifidum);
- Gerbera Jameson (Gerbera jamesonii).
Indoor plants can significantly improve air quality, and can make a home truly cozy and comfortable. Of course, caring for plants requires both time and effort, but you can choose the least fastidious plants from those listed above. In addition, to protect yourself and your loved ones, you can make a little effort.