History of the holiday
The traditions of celebrating coffee days were organically combined with local customs established earlier, so it’s hard to say who and where first thought of giving credit to a strong and invigorating drink. Different countries still celebrate this day at their own discretion, setting their own dates, choosing them for some internal reasons.
For the first time, official coffee celebrations were held in Japan. This happened in 1983 at the initiative of the local coffee association. Since then, Japan celebrates coffee day on October 1.
The age of an official holiday in other countries rarely totals more than 10 years. The fashion for Coffee Day came in the middle of the first decade of the 21st century. Trial, one might say pilot, events were held in 2003-2005, then they grew into more massive holidays and were celebrated already at the national level.
A precise and uniform date in the world community for Coffee Day did not exist for a long time. Only in 2014, the International Coffee Association decided to establish a single date – October 1. In 2015, International Coffee Day was first celebrated in official status.
The holiday is popular not only in those regions where fragrant grains grow, but also where active consumers of an invigorating drink live. Therefore, Japanese, Americans and Scandinavian residents are eagerly included in the festivities.
Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world with a rich history. On BBC’s international coffee day, it publishes interesting facts about it that you might not even have known about.
It seems the world has never been so obsessed with coffee as it is now. And never in the world have they consumed so much coffee – whether it’s a cup of freshly brewed Americano in the morning, an thimble of espresso in the afternoon, a cappuccino in the middle of the day or an ice frappe in the evening.
In 1991, global coffee consumption, according to the International Coffee Organization, was about 90 million bags of 60 kg. This year, this figure will be more than 160 million bags.
1. Coffee is actually cherry
The grains of coffee that you pour into a coffee grinder are roasted seeds of a fruit called coffee cherry. So the coffee tree berries are called in the coffee industry.
Each berry (“cherry”) usually contains two ordinary grains or one whole, overgrown pebery grain. The number of fruits with such grains is about 5% of the total crop, they are considered more valuable.
2. Some people eat their coffee
People have been drinking coffee for centuries, but some people prefer it.
Some companies use steamed coffee beans to make flour. It can be used in the preparation of muffins, bread, chocolate, sauces.
This flour does not have the taste of coffee, depending on the variety it will be felt more likely floral, citrus or fruit notes.
3. The most expensive coffee – with excrement
Produced in Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and India, the “mine Luwak” variety is the most expensive coffee in the world. For its preparation, the fruits of coffee (berries with grains inside) must pass through the gastrointestinal tract of musanga, or Asian palm civet. This is a small animal of the Wyverre family.
A pound of such grains can cost up to 700 dollars. Another very expensive coffee is called Black ivory. Its grains are prepared after they are eaten by elephants in Thailand.
A small pack (35 grams) costs about $ 85.
4. Coffee is good
Coffee is a drink rich in antioxidants that protect the cells of the human body from toxins and chemicals.
In 2018, a study was published stating that drinking 3 cups of coffee per day helps reduce the risks of many diseases, including cardiovascular diseases.
The study analyzed the health status of 500 thousand people from 10 European countries over 16 years.
5. … but still easier with coffee
Caffeine is a stimulant, its excessive consumption can be harmful.
Pregnant women are recommended to lower their daily dose of caffeine, because it can affect the weight gain of the embryo and sometimes even lead to miscarriage.
The British Health Service recommends that pregnant women consume no more than 200 milligrams of caffeine per day. That is, a little more than a mug of brewed coffee or two mugs of instant coffee.
6. There are two types of coffee
Arabica is the most common type of coffee. Arabian coffee tree grows in Ethiopia. A drink from such grains – with a moderate pronounced taste and aroma.
Another variety is robusta. In this type of coffee, twice as much caffeine, it is often used in espresso blends. It grows in Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Brazil.
7. Coffee was discovered by goats in Ethiopia (well, according to legend)
They say that in the ninth century a certain Ethiopian shepherd saw that his goats eat strange berries from a strange tree, and then they jump and do not sleep all night long, full of energy.
Then he told the local monks about this, who decided to brew a drink from the grains that would help them stay awake during frequent services.
8. The word “coffee” originally meant wine
By the 15th century, coffee was grown in Yemen. In the language of the local population, the word qahwah (“kava”) meant wine.
After only a hundred years, this word came into use in Persia, Egypt, Syria and Turkey.
9. The first coffee houses appeared in the Middle East
They drank coffee not only at home, but also in numerous coffee houses, the homeland of which are the countries of the Middle East.
Coffee drinking was accompanied by a game of chess or listening to music.
10. All coffee on Earth is grown in the countries of the “coffee belt”
Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries of the world, known as the countries of the coffee belt, they are located between the tropics of Capricorn and Cancer – from Mexico to New Guinea.
2018 World’s Largest Coffee Makers
|Country||Products (millions of packs)||% of global production|
11. The most devoted coffee fans live in Finland
The most avid coffee lovers are Finns. In Finland, there are 12 kg of coffee per person per year.
Also among the leaders are Norway (9.9 kg per capita), Denmark (8.7 kg) and Sweden (8.2 kg). The Italians, by the way, consume about 5.9 kg of coffee per person per year.
12. Tea or coffee? Who is the winner?
The British Coffee Association claims that coffee is the most popular drink in the world. According to these data, 2 billion cups are drunk daily in the world.
In the most densely populated countries of the world – China and India – they prefer to drink tea.
Coffee is drunk in both Americas and in the countries of continental Europe, tea is loved in Asia and the countries of the former Soviet Union.
Despite the fact that in the world they grow more coffee than tea, for one cup of tea, comparable in strength to a cup of coffee, you need only 2 grams of raw materials. And for the same cup of coffee – 10 grams.
13. You can also make perfect coffee.
So, some tips for making perfect coffee.
- Wash Turku or coffee maker thoroughly.
- Take your favorite coffee beans.
- It is better to grind coffee immediately before preparing the drink.
- Coarse or fine grinding? Find out which is best for your way of making coffee.
- Do not overheat water. The ideal water temperature for coffee is 90-95 degrees.
- Observe the time intervals for preparing a drink – from 30 seconds for espresso to a whole night for cold-pressed coffee.