Of course, we all want to look good and have good health. To do this, you must observe the daily routine and play sports, but the rapid development of technological progress slows down all these processes. Modern gadgets make our life so easy that the physical activity of a person gradually decreases. You can skimp without leaving your home, gain new knowledge and skills, watch movies and chat with friends, and many also work at home.
There are actually many opportunities, but with them there are a number of health risks. The musculoskeletal system is gradually weakening, the functioning of the main organ systems is deteriorating, and the body is becoming vulnerable to various diseases.
Sports and a healthy lifestyle are very interconnected. This is evidenced by multiple scientific studies, medical articles and dissertations. The impact of sports on the human body is simply colossal! The following are examples of how an active lifestyle can affect our well-being.
The effect of sports on the body:
Strengthening the musculoskeletal system. Regular training has a beneficial effect on muscular development, on strengthening the ligaments, tendons and the skeleton as a whole. Physical exercises can correct posture, eliminate curvature of the spine, will be an excellent prevention of flat feet, strengthen the muscles of the abdominal cavity and not only. In children attending sports sections, the body develops proportionally and stable work of all internal organs is maintained. At a more mature age, systematic physical education will help maintain a toned body and health for many years.
Improving the nervous system. Exercising helps to develop agility, speed and strength of movement. New conditioned reflexes appear, which over time will help to cope with more complex physical activities without overloading the body. Nervous activity is improved by increasing the mobility of nervous processes. You can quickly respond to all internal and external stimuli, performing new movements.
We support the work of the cardiovascular system. Sport significantly increases endurance and improves blood circulation, which is why experienced athletes can perform heavy physical exercises for so long. Enhanced blood flow supplies the muscles with a large amount of oxygen and nutrients, which are so needed by the muscles during training.
At rest, the heart throws about 5 liters of blood per minute into the aorta. During sports, the pulse increases from 60-70 beats to 120-200 beats per minute, and the amount of blood ejected increases to 10-20 liters. In athletes, the cardiovascular system very quickly gets used to new loads, and after them it stabilizes in the same short period of time. In this case, the heart rate is rare, and the discharge of blood into the artery increases. This economical mode has a beneficial effect on the work of the heart.
Statistics show that 3 out of 4 people have diseases of the cardiovascular system. Therefore, sports can be an excellent prevention of such ailments.
The development of the respiratory system. Physical activity increases the need for muscles and organs in oxygen, so breathing quickens and becomes deeper. Volumes of inhaled oxygen increase significantly – from 8 liters at rest to 100-140 liters. Gradually, the vital capacity of the lungs increases, they are better ventilated, and the body receives more oxygen.
Strengthening the immune system. Systematic training can change the composition of the blood. The number of red blood cells increases from 4.5-5 million / 1 mm3 to 6 ml. Recall that the main function of red blood cells is the transport of oxygen and nutrients, so their increase directly affects the saturation of tissues and muscles with even more oxygen. The number of lymphocytes also increases. These cells are part of the immune system, they are actively involved in the fight against pathogenic viruses and bacteria.
With increased muscular work, the blood sugar level decreases, the urinary system works well, removing a large amount of metabolic products.
The effect of various sports on the body:
Running is one of the most effective sports. Almost all muscle groups are involved in it. Running exercises strengthen the cardiovascular system, normalize blood circulation, improve respiratory function and increase endurance. Also during jogging, the level of bad cholesterol is reduced.
Swimming will help strengthen muscle tissue, joints, relieve problems with the spine, support the work of the heart and lungs. In addition, physical activity in water will be an excellent prevention of varicose veins and accelerate the process of elimination of toxins from the body.
Tennis trains practically the entire musculature of our body. During classes, the heart and bones strengthen, blood circulation improves, attention and coordination of movements develop.
Various types of martial arts will help strengthen skeleton bones, muscle mass will develop proportionally, endurance will increase, the heart and blood vessels will strengthen, blood circulation and the work of the respiratory and nervous systems will improve.
Training in the gym (power loads) will be an excellent discharge after a busy working day. You can increase endurance, increase muscle strength at times, lose weight, support the cardiovascular system and stabilize blood pressure. During training, muscle and cartilage tissue and skeleton are well strengthened, posture improves, flexibility and dexterity develop.
Based on the foregoing, it can be noted that sport is a universal way to improve health and achieve an ideal physique.