Jujube In the world it is difficult to find a second plant like jujube (unabi). This spiny shrub for thousands of years accompanies a person and never ceases to amaze. “The Tree of Life” – Muslims call it, “gives youth and health” – the Chinese echo them. All the organs of this plant are medicinal; it is not without reason that Unabi is one of the five most effective medicinal plants on Earth. Let’s try to figure out what is jujube, what are its useful properties and are there any contraindications to its use.
Did you know? The scientific name “jujube” comes from the Greek word “jujube”, which the Greeks, in turn, borrowed from the Persians. It means “edible fruit.” As for the various options for the name of jujube, it can be called a record holder, since it has more than thirty names (for example, “Judino apple”, “Ilan jida”, “female plum”, “yanap”, etc.).
Jujube: calories, composition and nutritional value
100 g of jujube fruits contain 79 kcal. This allows you to safely use jujube in diet food. Unabi fruits have a unique chemical composition and a unique combination of vitamins, minerals, acids, oils and other substances. Vitamin composition of jujube includes:
- Vitamin C (its content exceeds lemon by 15 times);
- Vitamin P (rutin) – from 0.29 to 0.95%;
- vitamin PP (nicotinic acid);
- retinol (A);
- tocopherol (E);
- B vitamins (pantothenic and folic acid, riboflavin, thiamine, pyridoxine).
Up to 30% of jujube fruits are sugars, 4% are fatty oils, 10% are tannins, there are also flavonoids (catechins), polysaccharides (pectin), glycosides (neomyrtillin or plant insulin). No less impressive is the content of macro- and microelements:
- titanium and others
Regular consumption of such a balanced natural combination of vitamins and minerals has a positive effect on the general condition of the body. Unabi fruits also have high nutritional value (proteins – 1.2%, carbohydrates – 20.23%). To taste, they resemble the fruits of dates.
Important! Jujube, grown on the slopes of mountains, on poor soils, has more pronounced medicinal properties than plants grown in humus-rich valleys.
The benefits of jujube for the body
The beneficial properties of unabi and its unique vitamin and mineral composition determined the use of the plant in folk medicine. Like ginseng or eleutherococcus, unabi:
- tones up the central and peripheral nervous system;
- rejuvenates and regenerates cells;
- strengthens the immune system;
- normalizes metabolic processes in the body;
- removes free radicals;
- gives a diuretic effect;
- removes bile;
- acts as an antioxidant (removes heavy metals, toxins, bad cholesterol, etc.);
- weakens toxicosis;
- It has anesthetic effect (it helps especially with toothache and headache).
Jujube effectively reduces high blood pressure, calms, improves sleep. Regular intake of jujube enhances the heart and blood vessels, has a prophylactic effect against sclerosis, etc. Especially jujube is useful during the recovery period after operations or serious illnesses.
The use of jujube in folk medicine
The healing properties of unabi did not go unnoticed. In China, there is even a saying that those who eat unabi fruits do not need doctors. All the “organs” of jujube have found their application.
Did you know? Unabi in South and East Asia is superior in popularity and distribution to plants such as apple, peach and apricot.
Jujube has a thick gray or black bark, and on the branches it is cherry-colored. Young bark has no cracks and is smoother. For medicinal purposes, a decoction of bark is used. It acts as a fastener, well helping to get rid of diarrhea. A decoction is prepared from 10 g of crushed bark. It is poured with a glass of boiling water and put in a water bath (up to 45 minutes). Drink 2 tbsp. 30 minutes before meals.
The leaves of jujube are leathery, elongated-ovate, located on small petioles. They have a hypotensive effect, contribute to expectoration of sputum (for diseases of the lungs and bronchi), stabilize blood pressure and heart rate (for hypertension). To prepare the infusion, use 2 tablespoons of dried leaves per 300 ml of boiling water. It is necessary to insist 1 – 2 hours. To drink – three tablespoons three times a day.
A decoction of the leaves can be washed ulcers on the mucous membranes.
Did you know? Jujube leaves contain an anesthetic. If you chew a fresh leaf, then the anesthetic in it has a temporary paralyzing effect on the taste buds of sweet and bitter. The taste of sour and salty is still felt.
The fruits of jujube are ovoid, have a length of 6 cm. Unabi berries are eaten fresh and dried, in addition, the beneficial properties in them do not disappear from heat treatment.
Fruits recommended to take:
With hypertension – three berries three times a day (use three months, then a break).
With toxicosis and breastfeeding, take it fresh or dried.
With anemia – berry compote (jujube is better to use dried). Boil berries (10 pcs. Per half liter of water), boil for 20 minutes, insist one hour, take 100 ml three times a day.
With various kinds of inflammation – 15 overripe berries (per 300 ml of water) boil and boil over low heat. The volume of the broth should be reduced by three times – up to 100 ml. Cool, drain. Take the broth for 15 days (three times a day for a tablespoon).
Important! When using jujube berries or taking medications based on it, it is necessary to monitor the level of blood pressure to prevent hypotension.
The benefits of jujube seeds in their sedative effect, which is on nerve cells. Unabi seed preparations are used in the treatment of depression, dizziness, and also with stress and insomnia. To prepare the product, you should: grind the bones (100 gr.); pour them with half a liter of water; boil and boil for ten minutes; add 200 ml of alcohol and insist for eight hours.
Fruit and berry trees and shrubs reproduce both vegetatively and with the help of seeds. Apricot, grape, plum, dogwood can be grown from seed. Important! Pregnant women are strictly forbidden to take funds from unabi seeds. How to use unabi in cosmetology Chinese dates are actively used in the preparation of cosmetic preparations. Especially great is the use of jujube in the care of hair and skin. Benefits for hair Decoctions of unabi (especially roots, bark and leaves) effectively help in the fight against dandruff, with blockage of the sebaceous glands, but above all, from hair loss. Decoctions regenerate hair follicles and strengthens hair. Rinsing with a decoction of the roots also contributes to the rapid growth of children’s hair. The benefits for Unabi’s face effectively eliminate acne, abscesses, acne, irritation, and other similar diseases on the skin of the face. The ointment is prepared from freshly picked leaves and vegetable oil (preferably from olives) in a ratio of 1: 5. The mixture is heated to +90 ° C. Then you need to remove it from the fire and leave to insist (10 days). Store the composition in the refrigerator, so that, if necessary, lubricate it with the problem area on the skin. Along with unabi, other fruit plants are also used in folk medicine: plum, pear, lemon, red mountain ash, hazel, bergamot. Use in cooking: unabi workpieces Although jujube berries are somewhat reminiscent of dates in taste, they are quite specific and not everyone likes (especially children). Connoisseurs claim that the most delicious unabi are sun-dried, since it is very difficult to dry jujube properly in the oven – it can be easily dried. Although if overdried – also fearless. You can make flour from dried fruits and add it to regular wheat flour for baking. In eastern cuisine, jujube fillings are made for pies, sauces, added to rice, wine is made.
Did you know? In China, in order to properly cook a Peking duck, only unabi wood is used in the oven. Workpieces – jams, syrups, preserves, etc. are very popular. Jujube preserves all the healing qualities in them, and the recipes checked by generations make it possible to prepare delicious dishes.
- boil the syrup (you need 1 kg of fruits, 800 g of sugar and 1 liter of water);
- wash immature berries, chop with a fork, place in a container;
- pour hot syrup and boil (boil for up to 5 minutes);
- insist 7 hours;
- pull out the bones and chop the fruit with a blender;
- boil over low heat, cook for 5 minutes (stir constantly);
- sterilize banks;
- pour the jam into banks and close.
Over time, the jam will thicken. Such a workpiece will simultaneously reduce the pressure and enjoy delicious.
In winter, jujube is not always at hand, so you will probably be interested in how to store its fruits, especially since they are kept fresh for no more than a week at room temperature and up to a month in the refrigerator. At the same time, dried and dried berries are stored for one year.
The main contraindication for fans of the Chinese date is low blood pressure. However, 5 to 6 berries will not greatly reduce the pressure, but you should not abuse it. Unabi fruits also have contraindications for pregnant women – you should not get carried away and excessive, because a large number of fruits can not increase the tone of the uterus at the right time.
Important! Unabi fruits are heavy for the stomach, they are digested for a very long time. To speed up the digestion process, you can peel them and eat berries without a peel or simply limit yourself in the amount of food eaten. Car drivers (especially when driving in the evening or at night) should also remember what jujube is, and refrain from eating it before or during a ride, as its fruits can reduce the reaction rate, relax and even euthanize.