Millet – composition, beneficial properties, and harm

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Millet – the seeds of fine-grained grass. The color of the millet depends on the grade. It can be yellow, white, gray, or red. The most common and edible is yellow millet. The brighter and richer the color, the tastier the meal will turn out.

Millet has gained popularity in many countries around the world, thanks to unpretentiousness. Millet can grow in almost any condition, even in severe cold and arid climates. People have been using the beneficial properties of millet for many years. It is used as a therapeutic tool to help cope with various ailments.

In what form is used millet

The main field of application of millet is cooking. Millet is available in the form of peeled kernels, which are used to make porridge, mashed potatoes, added to soups, casseroles, salads, and pies. Millet is ground and made millet flour, which is added to bread and pastries, making it more useful and fragrant.

Millet is used to making alcoholic beverages, such as beer and liqueurs.

Certain varieties of millet are grown as feed for domestic animals and birds. In folk medicine, millet is used to prepare useful decoctions.

Ingredients millet

Millet contains many polyphenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins, lignans, and saponins. It is rich in fiber, antioxidants, and catechins.

Chemical composition 100 gr. millet in accordance with the daily rate is presented below.


B1 – 28%;

B3 – 24%;

B9 – 21%;

B6 – 19%;

B2 – 17%.


manganese – 82%;

magnesium – 29%;

phosphorus – 28%;

iron – 17%;

potassium – 6%.

Millet calories – 378 kcal per 100g.

The benefits of millet

Millet improves digestion, prevents the development of asthma, and removes toxins from the body. Thanks to millet, you can cope with kidney disease and diabetes, reduce the risk of cancer and maintain muscle health.

For bones

Phosphorus in the composition of millet is important for the formation of bone tissue. Vegetable protein and lysine slow down the degradation of muscles, strengthening them and making them more resilient to physical exertion. A small amount of calcium in millet also improves the condition of bones and teeth.

For the heart and blood vessels

Millet is a natural source of magnesium. The mineral lowers blood pressure and prevents the risk of a heart attack or stroke, which often occurs in atherosclerosis.  Potassium in millet also keeps blood pressure low and dilates blood vessels.

A high level of fiber and polyphenols in the composition of wheat reduces the level of “bad” cholesterol and normalizes the level of “good”.

Millet is useful for diabetics. It is a source of magnesium that helps the body produce insulin and control blood sugar levels. Croup reduces triglyceride levels in the body, dilutes the blood, and prevents platelet sticking, reducing the risk of sunstroke and coronary artery disorder.

Iron in millet prevents anemia and is involved in the development of red blood cells. In addition, copper in wheat also participates in the production of red blood cells.

For the brain and nerves

Tryptophan in millet increases serotonin levels. It helps to cope with stress and avoid depression. Drinking millet has a positive effect on the quality of sleep and promotes relaxation.

For eyes

Millet contains antioxidants that prevent the development of cataracts. They neutralize the enzyme that causes the disease and improves visual acuity.

For the bronchi

Drinking millet reduces the symptoms of asthma and prevents its development. The enzymes that make up it reduces wheezing, shortness of breath, and asthma attacks.

For the digestive tract

With the help of millet, which is a source of fiber, it is possible to improve digestion, eliminate constipation, gas formation, bloating, and stomach cramps. It also reduces the likelihood of more serious gastrointestinal diseases.

Millet for weight loss acts as a tool that reduces appetite. It contains tryptophan – an amino acid that provides a lasting feeling of satiety and helps control weight. Millet is absorbed slowly and quickly satisfies hunger, preventing overeating.

For the kidneys and bladder

The insoluble fiber in millet prevents the formation of gallstones. Millet also reduces the production of bile acid, which causes gallstones.

For the reproductive system

Millet contains a lot of magnesium and is a good way to eliminate cramps and pain during the menstrual cycle. Millet for women is also useful during lactation, as it participates in the production of breast milk and makes it possible to feed the baby for a longer period.

For skin

Amino acids in the composition of millet are involved in the production of collagen, necessary to maintain the elasticity and elasticity of the skin. It protects against the appearance of premature wrinkles and other signs of aging.

For immunity

Millet is rich in antioxidants and other substances that help protect the body from the production of cancer cells. Thus, millet for the body can act as a prophylactic agent for various types of cancer.

Medicinal properties of millet

Millet is known for many useful properties that have found application in traditional medicine. It helps with anemia, digestive disorders, respiratory diseases, and kidney diseases. Both grains and millet bran are effective in treating the urinary tract, nervous and cardiovascular systems.

With heart disease

People with coronary heart disease need to eat millet porridge. It should be prepared from pre-ignited millet, boiled over low heat until fully softened. Such porridge should be present daily in the diet of people with heart disease. Add any spices or fruit to it.

With parasites

Millet helps to get rid of intestinal parasites.

For this you will need:

  • 2 tablespoons of millet;
  • raw chicken egg yolk;
  • head of raw garlic.
  1. Mix all the ingredients, chop and dilute with water until you get a mushy mass.

2. Drink the whole mixture at once.

With cystitis

For inflammation of the urinary tract, millet will also help.

  1. Rinse a small amount of cereal, place in warm water and shake for a few minutes until the water becomes cloudy.

2. Drink this liquid to alleviate the symptoms of cystitis.

Millet for kidneys

One of the main medicinal properties of millet is its ability to restore kidney function. It removes toxins from the body, causing many diseases. Millet reduces inflammation and eliminates stones and sand from the kidneys. This is due to quercetin as part of the millet.

Millet porridge consumption is good for health, but millet decoction for kidneys will be more effective in treatment.

How to make a decoction of millet

To prepare a decoction of millet, while retaining all the useful properties, you need a glass of millet groats and three liters of water.

  1. Rinse the grits thoroughly, removing all debris, dirt, and dust.

2. Choose from it damaged or black particles, leaving only solid and monophonic.

3. Place the cleaned millet in a glass container with a capacity of at least three liters.

4. Fill the cereal with three liters of boiling water.

5. Close the container tightly and wrap it well, placing it in a warm and dry place for a day.

6. The remedy for kidney problems is ready. Drink it 10-15 minutes before meals, until the symptoms of the disease disappear.

Harm millet

Millet contains a substance that prevents the production of thyroid hormones and the absorption of iodine by the thyroid gland. Excessive consumption of millet can lead to an enlargement of the thyroid gland, which is accompanied by dry skin, slowed reaction, and depression.

How to store millet

A dry and dark place will be suitable for the storage of millet. The millet placed in the tight container will keep fresh for several months.

Millet has a unique composition of healthy nutrients and a pleasant, mild flavor. It has an advantage over other porridges as it does not contain gluten and can be part of the diet of those who suffer from celiac disease.


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