Not only wheat: what else is flour and how is it useful? Briefly about the main thing.
Bread, noodles, pancakes, pasta, dough … Flour is the basis of so many dishes. It is difficult to say what would have happened if we had to remove it from the daily diet. Meanwhile, experts recommend for the sake of beauty and health to abandon products from white wheat flour. What are its alternatives and how are they useful?
Why look for a replacement for wheat flour?
Its main component is starch or sugar. After eating wheat flour products, we quickly feel hungry again. This leads to an increase in calories. Fortunately, wheat flour, although the most popular, is far from the only one. This is well known to people with celiac disease who, because of the gluten contained in white flour, cannot use it. So what to choose? Which flour is best for baking bread, and from which you can make a great sauce?
This is the best flour for baking bread. It is best to choose the type 2000, 1400, or 750. The type of product is determined by the ash content, i.e. minerals that were burned along with a flour sample. The higher this number, the greater the nutritional value it indicates.
Rye flour contains alkaloids that help reduce cholesterol and reduce the likelihood of atherosclerosis. The lignans present in the product protect against the formation of malignant tumors.
Unlike wheat, rye flour contains less starch, but it is difficult to digest. But after the dishes with her man feels full for a longer time. Rye flour contains many vitamins and minerals that regulate metabolism.
Potato flour (starch)
The potato flour produced by the isolation of starch from potato tubers perfectly absorbs moisture. Due to this property, it is used primarily in cosmetics (for example, as talc). In cooking, potato flour is most often used as a thickener for sauces. Its advantage is the absence of gluten.
Become a “daily bread” for people with gluten intolerance, cornmeal is formed by grinding corn. But the lack of gluten is not its only advantage. Corn powder is rich in fiber and vitamins A, B, E, as well as magnesium and potassium. It prevents the development of diseases such as obesity, heart problems, and cancer. Cornmeal is used for biscuits, pancakes, cakes. This is a very good substitute for wheat flour.
Another type of flour, which has zero gluten, is soy, which also contains very little starch. But it contains potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, phosphorus, iodine, vitamins A, C, D, E, B (including folic acid). Soy flour is rich in isoflavones, which regulate the female hormones and alleviate the symptoms of menopause. The product reduces the risk of osteoporosis, slows down skin wilting, and lowers cholesterol. As for culinary merits, soy flour can be used in pasta, bread, cookies, pancakes.
This powder is obtained by grinding white rice. It contains manganese, magnesium, fiber, phosphorus, B vitamins, and starch. There is no gluten in it. The product is recommended for allergy sufferers, people with digestive problems, it is good to use when irritating the stomach and diarrhea. Rice flour is used for a variety of pastries and for thickening sauces.
Oatmeal containing only trace amounts of gluten is the result of the grinding process of oat grains. It is rich in fiber, B vitamins, iron, calcium, and unsaturated fatty acids. Such a representative of the “flour family” lowers the level of “bad” cholesterol, preventing its absorption from food, and regulating gastrointestinal motility. Due to its fiber content, it provides a feeling of fullness for a long time. Oatmeal is best for baking
This contains much more easily digestible protein than milk and slows down the aging process. It is also a source of unsaturated fatty acids, known for their ability to help lower cholesterol. This flour is used in the production of pasta, bread, and other pastries.
Another product that people with celiac disease can eat is millet flour. It does not contain gluten and at the same time is characterized by a high content of protein, vitamins of group B, and mineral salts. Due to a large amount of iron, it is recommended for pregnant women and people with anemia.
The product has warming and antiviral properties; reduces the amount of mucus secreted, which is recommended for cataracts. Millet flour is suitable for baking, pancakes, thickening sauces, and soups.
It is made by grinding raw almonds. This flour is an excellent source of vitamins: E, PP, B1, B2, zinc, and magnesium. It is characterized by a low glycemic index. Due to the content of vitamin E, the product improves skin condition.
It is recommended for people with allergies to gluten because it does not contain any. Almond flour is used for sweet pastries (for example, cookies), like a sprinkle of desserts; it is possible to panic in it.
Pea flour is rich in healthy protein, the quality, and quantity of which it is not inferior to some varieties of meat. Moreover, it contains a large number of beneficial vitamins and minerals. Another important advantage of pea flour is the absolute absence of cholesterol. With all this, the cost of this product is more than attractive. Compared to traditional and popular wheat flour, pea flour has a much greater biological value, because it is rich in fiber, pantothenic acid, vitamins A and C, and also minerals – magnesium, zinc, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. In addition, the health benefits of pea flour for human health are due to the content of such vital amino acids as threonine and lysine, as well as pyridoxine, a special substance that regulates the synthesis of these two amino acids. That is why pea flour, as well as dishes prepared from it, are excellent prevention of dermatitis and seizures. Due to the high selenium content, pea flour is a highly effective natural remedy that reliably protects the human body from carcinogens.
Flour contains 19-20% of proteins, 12% of fats, and 9-10% of carbohydrates. Coconut proteins contain many essential amino acids that are not produced in the human body or are produced in insufficient quantities. The high protein content in the dried shredded pulp makes it a valuable source of essential amino acids. A positive fact is that coconut protein does not contain gluten, so the flour from its pulp can be used as an alternative to wheat flour by people who are gluten intolerant. Coconut flour, due to fiber, belongs to the list of products, united by the name “metabolic therapy”. This means that the powder from the pulp of the coconut absorbs on itself the toxic substances accumulated in the intestines, cholesterol, simple sugars. Reducing their absorption in the intestines, this product exhibits hypoglycemic, cholesterol-lowering, and detoxification action. Due to the ability to reduce the level of glucose and cholesterol in the blood, as well as due to the high potassium content, coconut flour: helps to reduce blood pressure; has a cardioprotective effect; shows antiarrhythmic effect; makes the vessels elastic; improves blood flow; normalizes microcirculation in peripheral tissues.
Useful properties of chickpea flour have a unique vitamin-mineral composition, in addition to dietary fiber, which contributes to the normalization of the bowels, it contains saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, which have an invaluable effect on the human body. Chickpea flour is used not only in cooking, cosmetologists have long been aware of the beneficial effects of chickpea masks on mixed and fat-prone skin. In adolescence, it helps fight acne. The ground floor is considered the basis of vegetarian cuisine because it is not only healthy but also very nutritious. They make various flat cakes from it, add it to the dough for baking bread, thicken sauces, use it in soups and cereals. Chickpea flour is also used as a breading for fish, meat, and vegetables, it does not absorb vegetable oil when frying, and the product is obtained with an unusually dry and crispy crust that has a pleasant nutty flavor.
Green buckwheat flour
Green buckwheat flour contains a wide range of vitamins A, E, PP, Group B, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, silicon, fluorine, iodine, etc., as well as a large amount of dietary fiber in the form of pectin, cellulose, and lignin. Useful properties: It has excellent anti-cancer properties. It helps people with obesity and diabetes to lose weight. It is rich in dopamine, acts as a natural antidepressant. It helps the body to absorb and digest food. It has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system. ? Dishes of buckwheat flour have a unique, original taste. In combination with wheat flour (50 to 50), you can bake fritters, pancakes, tortillas, bread, dumplings, buns. Vegetarians and cheese eaters make raw food cakes from such flour. Try boiling kissel from green buckwheat flour or add to the water (milk) you get an interesting drink.
The product is rich in vitamins C, A, K, B3, and folic acid (vitamin B9). The mineral profile of pumpkin flour includes potassium and manganese, magnesium and phosphorus, iron and calcium, copper, selenium, and zinc. Pumpkin seed powder – a valuable source of omega-3 fatty acids (in particular, alpha-linolenic acid, or ALA). The product has anti-allergic, immunostimulating, tonic, anti-cancer, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic and cardiotonic action. For older people suffering from osteoporosis, pumpkin seed powder can be a good addition to treatment. Contains zinc to help maintain bone mineral density at a healthy level. Pumpkin meal anti-inflammatory substances will support those who suffer from arthritis and reduce the risk of kidney stones. It is noteworthy that the therapeutic effect of the product experts equates to the effect of taking drugs like “Indomethacin”. The benefit is also associated with the normalization of hormonal levels, both in men and women. In addition to the obvious benefits for reproductive health, flour has a beneficial effect on mood and general well-being increases libido. Another useful feature is the ability to speed up metabolism and burn body fat. The presence of high-quality protein with a minimum of fat is ideal for low-carb diets. Pumpkin seeds contain an impressive amount of L-tryptophan – a natural antidepressant that helps maintain a positive attitude and improves sleep quality. Suffering from insomnia? Eat a spoonful of ground seeds before bedtime. Zinc-rich flour will help the younger generation cope with acne and its effects. This natural powder is also useful in irritable bowel syndrome. But with abuse, you can get the opposite effect. Due to the high concentration of natural phytosterols, it is recommended to take the product to the cores. It reduces the level of “bad” cholesterol in the blood and prevents the formation of plaques on the walls of blood vessels. The Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry has published the results of research, according to which pumpkin seeds are among the top three in terms of phytosterols. Among other valuable sources of these herbal ingredients are many seeds and nuts. Pumpkin meals will benefit diabetics. In the case of diabetes, it is extremely important to control the insulin level. There is no better tool in the fight against worms than pumpkin seeds and flour. After all, they contain cucurbitacin – a unique amino acid that saves people from parasites.
The use of sesame flour is primarily due to the vitamin-mineral composition of the product, which contains a record amount of calcium and other useful compounds of natural origin. Sesame flour can be an excellent natural drug in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the cardiovascular and reproductive systems of the human body. In addition, it is scientifically established that sesame flour has a beneficial effect on diseases of the musculoskeletal system, as well as anemia, diseases of the respiratory organs, and dermatitis. Sesame flour is used in the production of bread and bakery products. In addition, sesame flour is included in sauces, mashed soups, or sweet confectionery. Due to its distinctive beneficial properties, sesame flour is classified as a dietary and at the same time medicinal food, which is an important ingredient in the therapeutic menu.
Spelled flour is an environmentally friendly product because in its cultivation this crop does not tolerate chemical fertilizers. The heavy-duty coating of spelled grains contains naturally occurring high-quality fiber and virtually all essential amino acids, spelled flour is a source of easily digestible protein and complex carbohydrates, energizing for a long time and giving a feeling of satiety. Vitamin and mineral composition of the product look impressive, it contains vitamins B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, E, H, and PP, as well as mineral substances necessary for the human body: potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, selenium, copper and manganese, iron, phosphorus, and sodium. Spelled flour practically does not contain gluten, so it is recommended to use it for those who are allergic to wheat gluten. Spelled flour has a beneficial effect on the nervous and cardiovascular systems, normalizes blood sugar levels, stabilizes weight, and strengthens the immune system. The positive effect of spelled flour on the endocrine system and the ability to reduce the risk of developing and developing neoplasms, including malignant ones, is known.
The chemical composition of flax flour makes it very useful for the body product, suitable not only for food but also as a therapeutic or cosmetic. The use of flax flour is that it contains a lot of vegetable protein, rich in amino acids, including essential. By the number of amino acids, flax flour protein is quite comparable with soy proteins. The amount of protein reaches 50% of the total mass of the product. About 30% are fiber and dietary fiber. The use of flax flour in the preparation of various dishes improves their qualitative composition and is beneficial for digestion and the cardiovascular system. Only 80 grams of flax flour per day provide a daily rate of fiber for an adult. Flax flour is a valuable food product obtained as a result of the processing of flax seeds (lat. Línum), a grass plant of the Flax family, an unusually useful plant. Flax flour is produced by grinding and cleaning flaxseed, and the resulting raw materials are then degreased and dried. Degreasing is an important step in the process of making flour, so flour and chopped flaxseed are completely different products. Flour completely lacks such a component of flaxseed as fatty oil, which, with all its beneficial properties, tends to deteriorate rapidly. Therefore, flax flour and products from it are suitable for long-term storage. Composition The chemical composition of flax flour makes it highly useful for the body, suitable not only for nutrition but also as a therapeutic or cosmetic agent. The use of flax flour is that it contains a lot of vegetable protein, rich in amino acids, including essential. By the number of amino acids, flax flour protein is quite comparable with soy proteins. The amount of protein reaches 50% of the total mass of the product. About 30% are fiber and dietary fiber. Flax flour contains many B vitamins, including thiamine and riboflavin, polyunsaturated fatty acids, bioflavonoids, and phytoestrogens. Of the many micro and macro elements worth noting is a significant amount of magnesium, potassium, and zinc. Due to the high lignan content, flax flour is a good antioxidant. How useful flax flour Use flax flour in the preparation of various dishes improves their qualitative composition and is beneficial for the digestive system and the cardiovascular system. Only 80 grams of flax flour per day provide a daily rate of fiber for an adult. Flax flour contains a small number of carbohydrates and therefore has the ability to reduce the caloric content of dishes, to reduce their glycemic index. It is perfect for diet and baby food. Calorie flax flour – 270 kcal per 100 grams of the product. Products made from flax flour are useful for pregnant and lactating women. Due to the content of phytoestrogens, they have a beneficial effect on hormonal balance and women’s health in general. Flax flour does not require long-term heat treatment, so it can be used to make porridge, sauces, casseroles, jelly, fill it with soups, juliens. Linen flour pastry is stored for a long time and does not get stale.
The composition of hemp seed includes a large number of essential amino acids for the human body, as well as vitamins, minerals. The presence of such substances causes the following beneficial properties of this product: Cleansing the body. Regular use of it contributes to the removal of substances harmful to the body – slags, toxins. This is possible because cellulose is present in the composition of the seed, enhancing intestinal motility. Weight loss, prevention of diabetes. Vitamins B1, B3, as well as amino acids – alanine, methionine, isoleucine, etc., which are unaltered components of the hemp seed, are involved in the natural synthesis of insulin, preventing its abrupt release into the blood. In addition, fiber, getting into the stomach, quickly swells, filling the space, creating a feeling of satiety. Therefore, the use of hemp flour prevents overeating and, as a consequence, weight gain. Anti-inflammatory effects. Such flour includes carotenoids, magnesium, zinc, manganese, vitamins C, K, E. These components endow the product with bactericidal properties. Dishes prepared with the addition of this ingredient, getting into the stomach, envelop its mucosa, having a positive effect on the damaged areas of the gastrointestinal tract. There is a huge benefit decoction from hemp seed or flour from it: they help in the fight against cough and also contribute to the speedy recovery from diseases of the bronchi. An analgesic effect is also possible. The product is of great benefit for urinary organs, prevents the development of many diseases associated with men’s health, helps with infertility, prostatitis, and other disorders of the urinary system.
The composition of this nut includes (based on 100 g):
proteins – 16.2 g; fats – 66.8 g; carbohydrates – 10.1 g.
Improves the state of the cardiovascular system. Potassium and calcium, which are in hazelnuts – the main macro elements for the heart. Minerals strengthen the heart muscle, retain the elasticity of blood vessels. In addition, calcium along with sodium takes part in blood formation.
Nuts are very good for muscles. It is no secret to anyone that muscle fibers need protein. And in hazelnuts, it goes well with vitamin E, which has a good effect on the growth and strengthening of muscles.
Strengthens immunity. Due to the fact that hazelnuts contain many vitamins of group E, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, and sodium.
Hazelnuts are effective in fighting anemia, as well as recovering from various diseases, injuries, and operations. In their nutritional value, these nuts are eight times the milk. Iron, which is in its composition is necessary for the formation of red blood cells. Potassium contributes to the work of the nervous and muscular systems.
Cancer Prevention. The composition of hazelnuts contains paclitaxel, a substance that is directly involved in the prevention of oncology. The drug of the same name is used in chemotherapy to suppress the division of cancer cells.
Hazelnuts do not have a lot of carbohydrates, which is why people who suffer from diabetes can safely use them (but in small quantities).
The benefits of hazelnuts for women
For the fair sex, hazelnuts are a real find, because thanks to him:
*hair becomes shiny and fluffy, especially if you make masks from peanut butter and egg yolk;
*activate the production of breast milk, they make it the most useful and nutritious, which is why young mothers are obliged to eat hazelnuts;
*nut oil contains excellent cleansing characteristics. It can be used for acne, abscesses and various skin boils.
*hazelnut helps in the treatment of infertility.
These nuts help get rid of extra pounds if you use them as snacking or replacing them with the main meal.
To begin, consider the useful qualities:
*Used to improve the immune system.
*Dissolves kidney stones.
*Stimulates the growth of muscle tissue.
*Used to enhance the effect in the treatment of anemia.
*Reduces the risk of varicose veins.
*Fights cardiovascular disease.
*The daily rate of nut consumption is 30 grams.
Recently, hazelnut flour has been used. For example, pasta. Cookies are obtained with a new exquisite and fragrant taste.
Today, quinoa plays an important role in the preparation of a wide variety of dishes – especially the use of this cereal for vegetarian cuisine. It is added to soups, and also falls as a tasty side dish. However, when cooking quinoa you need to follow certain rules. First of all, quinoa croup needs thorough rinsing, which is necessary in order to get rid of the bitter taste. Boil it should not be too long so that the grains in the cooking process are not limp. In addition, at the end of cooking, you need to mix the cereal thoroughly – this will prevent the sticking of cooked quinoa.
Quinoa-based flour is considered ideal for baking bread, which is not only extremely fragrant and very tasty, but also quite useful. By the way, noodles and other pasta can be made from it. And a quinoa flour, sugar, and water soft drink are very much appreciated – it perfectly quenches thirst.
The benefits of quinoa
First of all, the benefits of quinoa for human health lies in the rich composition of this cereal. It contains a lot of nutrients – carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and dietary fiber. There is also a natural vitamin-mineral complex in this plant, which is represented by vitamins of groups B, A, E, C, as well as zinc, selenium, manganese, iron, copper, magnesium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and sodium.
Most nutritionists claim quinoa’s undoubted benefits for the younger generation, plant food enthusiasts, athletes, and expectant mothers. This is due to the presence in this porridge of a large amount of useful vegetable protein. In addition, quinoa is called the most valuable culture among all cereals. Thus, in the content of complex carbohydrates, riboflavin, fiber, folic acid, as well as alpha-tocopherol, it is significantly ahead of rice, wheat, and barley.
Beta Carotene, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid), Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine), Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid), Vitamin E, Vitamin PP (Niacin equivalent) ), Choline, Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Phosphorus (P), Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), Manganese (Mn), Selenium (Se)