Persimmon (lat. Diospyros – heart apple) is a fleshy sweet orange berry. Persimmon is distributed in tropical and temperate climatic zones. The northern part of China is considered the birthplace of persimmon, from where it came to Japan, and then, in the second half of the 19th century, to the USA. There the persimmon was brought by the American admiral Matthew Perry. Later, the fruit spread to European countries. However, at present, persimmon is grown in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Greece, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Crimea, Australia, America and other countries. Worldwide, there are more than 500 species of persimmon. Selection and storage of persimmon When choosing a berry, you should pay attention to the size of the fruit, its color and the condition of the upper leaflets. Green leaves and pale color indicate that the persimmon is not ripe. If the fruit has large brown spots and small dark dots, then the fruit is frozen or hit and has already begun to deteriorate.
Store ripe persimmon in a refrigerator in the fruit and vegetable compartment, and avoid damage. For long-term storage, the fruit can be washed with cold water, cut into slices and frozen in a freezer. At low temperatures, the fruits retain their properties for six months. If the persimmon has not ripened enough for the purchase, then it must be kept warm for several days, for example, on a table in the kitchen.
Persimmon fruits come in different varieties: sweet (Japanese varieties, “Kinglet”) and tart (Georgian). Fruit pulp has a specific binding texture, because it contains high concentration of tannin.
Persimmon contains vitamins A, C and P, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, proteins, carbohydrates, organic acids, tannins, iodine.
100 grams of persimmon contains from 66 to 127 calories (depending on the variety), while it nourishes it for a long time.
Properties and benefits
Persimmon is extremely useful due to the rich content of vitamins and trace elements in it. Persimmon fruits contain potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, iodine, sodium, phosphorus, manganese, copper, as well as malic and citric acid, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C.
Useful properties to cleanse the body
Persimmon fruits contain a lot of magnesium, which not only helps to eliminate toxins and toxins from our bodies, but also helps the work of the excretory organs.
Beneficial properties for the gastrointestinal tract
Persimmon is a dietary product. Due to the pectin contained in it, persimmon is recommended for indigestion and gastric diseases.
Chronic diarrhea is treated with regular use of persimmon decoction – you need to pour 6 ripe fruits with 3 cups of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, strain and drink 0.5 l every 4 hours.
Persimmon improves appetite and quickly satisfies hunger.
Beneficial properties for the cardiovascular system
Persimmon is recommended for people with cardiovascular diseases. The fruit contains potassium, a large amount of sugars, glucose and fructose, which has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. Vitamins C and P help to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, and persimmon normalizes blood pressure and is used in the treatment of hypertension.
Persimmon has a diuretic effect and is even capable of dissolving kidney stones. To this end, 2 times a day before meals should drink a glass of compote, boiled from persimmon.
Beneficial properties for blood formation
Also, persimmon is successfully used in the treatment of anemia. Due to the high content of iron in the fruit for the prevention of disease, it is enough to eat two berries a day or drink 100 ml of persimmon juice 2 times a day before meals. In the treatment of anemia from dry leaves of persimmon tea is brewed: 1 tsp of crushed leaves per cup of boiling water.
When the body is depleted, both fresh and dried persimmon fruit extract and dried berries powder are beneficial.
Beneficial properties for the nervous system
Persimmon has tonic properties and has a calming effect on the body, improves sleep, has a good effect on the nervous system and increases the body’s resistance to stress and infections.
Healthy properties for the lungs
Due to the content of provitamin A and beta-carotene, persimmon significantly reduces the risk of lung cancer. This berry helps to strengthen the walls of the lungs and maintain their function, so it is especially useful for those who smoke.
Beneficial properties for the endocrine system
Persimmon fruits are rich in iodine, so they are recommended to be used for the prevention of thyroid disease.
Persimmon is useful for men in the first place because calcium and magnesium improve the work of the prostate gland, and at the same time the potency.
For pregnant women:
The use of persimmon for pregnant women is that it relieves swelling, removing excess fluid from the body and at the same time preventing the development of urolithiasis. At the same time eating this fruit compensates for the loss of potassium and other elements that are necessary for the normal course of pregnancy. Also, persimmon is useful for fruit growth.
Beneficial properties which prevents cancer:
Thanks to beta-carotene, this fruit prevents cell aging, has antioxidant properties and inhibits the growth of cancer tumors.
Beneficial bactericidal properties:
- Persimmon has a bactericidal action against intestinal and hay bacillus, Staphylococcus aureus.
- Persimmon has healing properties. If inflammation, boils, wounds and burns occur on the skin, a piece of persimmon with a fresh cut or a bandage dipped in persimmon juice should be attached to the problem area.
- To get rid of acne and blackheads, apply a mask of persimmon pulp mixed with egg yolk.
- With colds and cough, gargle with the juice of ripe persimmon diluted with water.
- If the gums are bleeding, rinse your mouth with the juice of ripe persimmon diluted with water.
- If there is a persimmon during a flu epidemic, the risk of infection is reduced.
Who is contraindicated persimmon
- Due to the high glucose content, persimmon should not be consumed by people with diabetes.
- Persimmon contains a large amount of easily digestible sugars, so it should not be used by people prone to obesity.
- Persimmon is widely known for its astringent properties due to the tannin contained in it, so it is contraindicated for people with poor digestive system, after surgery on the stomach or intestines and with adhesive disease.
- Healthy people should not eat persimmon in large quantities, and you should not get involved in unripe berries, otherwise you can provoke intestinal obstruction. Also, the persimmon is better not to give small children.
The use of persimmon in cosmetology
Persimmon is widely used as a cosmetic product for the care of a person prone to acne and enlarged pores. To do this, the pulp of one berry is mixed with one egg yolk. The resulting gruel is not applied to the face, bypassing the area around the eyes and the triangle of the mouth, and leave for 30 minutes. Then rinse with warm water.
For oily skin, you can make a mask of whipped egg white and ground persimmon pulp. There it is also necessary to add aloe juice and sea buckthorn (1 tbsp.), Liquid honey and glycerin (1 tsp.). Apply the mask to the skin of the face and neck and leave for 15 minutes. Remove the rest of the mask with a cotton swab dipped in warm water and apply a moisturizer to cleansed skin.
Persimmon is widely used in cooking in the manufacture of salads, waterfowl dishes and desserts (puddings, jelly, jam, marmalade and others), as well as beverages (fresh, cider, wine, beer). For a sweet salad with persimmon, it is necessary to cut three small persimmons into slices, cut the strawberries (100 g) in half, pour over the juice of lime, orange (2 tbsp) and liqueur (1 tbsp). Harvested fruit should be laid out in a bowl, on top of vanilla ice cream.